• Mithlesh Kumar

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Electron paramagnetic resonance studies in photorefractive crystals I: Hyperfine interaction and photoinduced charge transfer in233U5+ and238U5+ doped LiNbO3

      N K Porwal Mithlesh Kumar M D Sastry

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      Electron paramagnetic resonance studies were conducted on the photoinduced charge transfer and also hyperfine interaction of U5+ stabilized in photorefractive matrix LiNbO3. This work deals with: (i) first observation of hyperfine structure due to233U (I=5/2) in its pentavalent state at octahedral sites and comparison with other possible site symmetries, (ii) photoinduced charge transfer as observable by EPR and its relevance to photorefractive behaviour of LiNbO3. The effect of chemical bonding on the hyperfine interaction of 5f1 configuration was also studied by converting the existing literature data on235U5+ to that of233U5+ by standard methods. This suggests that progressive substitution of oxygen by F, in the series UO67−, (UO5F)6− and (UO4F2)5− drastically decreases the hyperfine coupling constantA, along the local distortion axis. This trend is explained as being due to the absence of ligand ion along the distortion axis at U5+ site in trigonal LiNbO3. The effects of illumination by copper vapor laser (CVL) on the intensity of the U5+ signal was studied in the 10–300K region. The kinetics of decay and restoration of U5+ was also studied between 10–100K range. The decay kinetics was found to obey double exponential. The reduction of concentration of U5+ with CVL-illumination and its restoration in the absence of light show that pentavalent uranium takes part in the photorefractive effects in LiNbO3.

    • Photoinduced changes in photorefractive PVA films doped with Cr3+ and VO2+: EPR and PAS investigations

      Mithlesh Kumar A R Dhobale R M Kadam M D Sastry

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      In order to understand the mechanism of optical image storage in photorefractive polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) films, photo-EPR and photoacoustic spectral investigations were carried out on PVA films doped with Cr3+ and VO2+. The EPR spectrum of Cr3+ has shown reduction in intensity onin situ illumination with copper vapor laser (CVL). The decay and recovery of Cr3+ signal, with and without CVL illumination respectively, was monitored at different temperatures in 10–300 K region. These were found to obey a double exponential, with one time constant independent of temperature, and the other showing significant temperature dependence. From Τ(T), activation energy for the charge carrier transport in one of the processes was estimated to be 0.016 eV. The PA spectra showed shift towards lower wavelength side on consecutive runs. On the other hand, VO2+ doped PVA film has not shown any significant changes in intensity on laser illumination. These observations suggest (i) interaction of PVA matrix with excited Cr3+ and (ii) predominant non-radiative relaxation in VO2+: PVA system with no change in the oxidation state.

    • Non-equilibrium effects in copper vapor laser pumped Nd3+ doped PVA film: Photo-electon paramagnetic resonance and photoacoustic spectral investigations

      Mithlesh Kumar Y Babu A R Dhobale R M Kadam M D Sastry

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      Photo-EPR measurements carried out on Nd3+ -doped polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) films have shown that nearly 100% reduction occurs in the intensity of EPR of Nd3+ under in situ copper vapor laser (CVL) illumination (510.5 nm and 578.2 nm). The kinetics of decay and recovery were investigated. Photoacoustic (PA) spectra, observed under CVL pump condition had shown that the CVL induced changes were not due to photoinduced valence change, and that the CVL pumping creates highly favorable conditions for non-equilibrium population distribution in the excited electronic states. The complete disappearance of EPR under CVL pumping is attributed either to the possible equalization of population of |+〈 and |−〈 Zeeman components, through the decay of many excited states in the presence of magnetic field or configurational changes around Nd3+ shifting the resonance frequency. The former appears less probable in view of the relatively slower recovery of EPR signal.

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