Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics
Volume 38 Issue 4 April 1992 pp 379-387
A transverse flow, transverse discharge cw CO2 laser in which de discharge is sustained by employing high repetition rate high voltage pulses has been developed. Pulser sustained discharge through electrodes of innovative design provided uniform excitation at electrical input power densities more than 10 W/cc. Laser output power more than 2.5 kW was obtained in a laser gas mixture consisting of 0.5 mbar of CO2, 16 mbar of N2 and 38.5 mbar of He. Design details and operational characteristics of this laser are presented.
Volume 55 Issue 5-6 November 2000 pp 733-740 Takamak Plasmas, Contributed Papers
Thomson scattering technique based on high power laser has already proved its superoirity in measuring the electron temperature (
Volume 59 Issue 5 November 2002 pp 849-858
P N Prakash T S Datta B P Ajith Kumar J Antony P Barua J Chacko A Choudhury G K Chadhari S Ghosh S Kar S A Krishnan Manoj Kumar Rajesh Kumar A Mandal D S Mathuria R S Meena R Mehta K K Mistri A Pandey M V Suresh Babu B K Sahu A Sarkar S S K Sonti A Rai S Venkatramanan J Zacharias R K Bhowmik A Roy
This paper reports the construction of a superconducting linear accelerator as a booster to the 15 UD Pelletron accelerator at Nuclear Science Centre, New Delhi. The LINAC will use superconducting niobium quarter wave resonators as the accelerating element. Construction of the linear accelerator has progressed sufficiently. Details of the entire accelerator system including the cryogenics facility, RF electronics development, facilities for fabricating niobium resonators indigenously, and present status of the project are presented.
Volume 79 Issue 6 December 2012 pp 1425-1441
In this paper we propose a scheme to generate tunable 16 𝜇m radiation from CO2 molecules by cascade lasing. The stimulating 9.5 𝜇m radiation is generated internally by the fast rotating mirror
Volume 83 Issue 5 November 2014 pp 829-838
Germanium detectors with sub-keV sensitivities open a window to study neutrino physics to search for light weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP) dark matter. We summarize the recent results on spin-independent couplings of light WIMPs from the TEXONO experiment at the Kuo-Sheng Reactor Neutrino Laboratory. Highlights of the physics motivation, our R&D programme, as well as the status and plans are presented.
Volume 87 Issue 6 December 2016 Article ID 0097 Regular
Two popular methods to analyse the operation of CW CO$_2$ lasers use the temperature model and the rate equation model. Among the two, the latter model directly calculates the population densities in the various vibrational levels connected with the lasing action, and provides a clearer illustration of the processes involved. Rate equation models used earlier grouped a number of vibration levels together, on the basis of normal modes of vibrations of CO$_2$. However, such grouping has an inherent disadvantage as it requires that theselevels be in thermal equilibrium. Here we report a new approach for modelling CW CO$_2$ lasers wherein the relevant vibration levels are identified and independently treated. They are connected with each other through theprocesses of excitation, relaxation and radiative transitions. We use the universally accepted rate coefficients to describe these processes. The other distinguishing feature of our model is the methodology adopted for carryingout the calculations. For instance, the CW case being a steady state, all the rate equations are thus equated to zero. In the prior works, researchers derived analytical expressions for the vibration level population densities, thatbecomes quite a tedious task with increasing number of levels. Grouping of the vibration levels helped in restricting the number of equations and this facilitated the derivation of these analytical expressions. We show that insteady state, these rate equations form a set of linear algebric equations. Instead of deriving analytical expressions, these can be elegantly solved using the matrix method. The population inversion calculated in this manner alongwith the relaxation rate of the upper laser level determines the output power of the laser. We have applied the model to an experimental CW laser reported in literature. Our results match the experimentally reported power.
Volume 92 Issue 4 April 2019 Article ID 0060 Research Article
A statistical study has been conducted on Bhagavad Gita. Four measures have been derived for the original text in Sanskrit and its translations in Hindi, English and French. First, word frequency distributions for the documents were modelled. Power law was observed with the longest tail in the case of Sanskrit. For other versions, the distributions well replicated the Zipf–Mandelbrot pattern. Second, the Kullback–Leibler (KL) divergence betweenthe documents has been computed with the highest value recorded in all three translations from the Sanskrit text. Next, a Shannon entropy-based measure: vocabulary quotient has been calculated, which estimates the vocabulary richness the texts offer; the highest being in the case of Bhagavad Gita in Sanskrit. Finally, word-length distributions were obtained with the longest word length in Sanskrit. The results attribute to the inflectional nature of Sanskrit.
Volume 94, 2020
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