• M S Sriram

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Baryon masses in the SU(4) skyrme model

      M S Sriram S Lakshmibala

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      We consider the SU(4) Skyrme model with explicit chiral and flavour symmetry-breaking terms. Using the masses of the 15-plet pseudoscalar mesons as the input, we calculate the masses of the 20-plet baryons. The baryon masses predicted by this model agree with results based on quark model to about 15%. We find that the generalized Gell-Mann Okubo mass relation is very well satisfied.

    • A quark model based on QCD scale anomaly

      J Segar M S Sriram

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      We consider a quark model based on QCD scale anomaly in which the quarks move in the field of an effective glueball field. Hadrons correspond to solitonic bags of higher energy density in a nonperturbative sea of condensed gluons. We calculate the static properties of nucleon in this model and find that the nucleon mass is far too large (2.4–4 GeV) and the proton charge radius (0.37–0.54 fm) is low. The proton gyromagnetic ratio and gA/gv are in reasonable agreement with the experimental numbers.

    • Nonlinear chiral models: Soliton solutions and spatio-temporal chaos

      M S Sriram J Segar

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      Nonlinear effective Lagrangian models with a chiral symmetry have been used to describe strong interactions at low energy, for a long time. The Skyrme model and the chiral quark-meson model are two such models, which have soliton solutions which can be identified with the baryons. We describe the various kinds of soliton states in these nonlinear models and discuss their physical significance and uses in this review. We also study these models from the view point of classical nonlinar dynamical systems. We consider fluctuations around theB=1 soliton solutions of these models (B, being the baryon number) and solve the spherically symmetric, time-dependent systems. Numerical studies indicate that the phase space around the Skyrme soliton solution exhibits spatio-temporal chaos. It is remarkable that topological solitons signifying stability/order and spatio-temporal chaos coexist in this model. In contrast with this, the soliton of the quark-meson model is stable even for large perturbations.

    • Classical gauge theories as dynamical systems—Regularity and chaos

      S Lakshmibala Bindu A Bambah M S Sriram C Mukku

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      In this review we present the salient features of dynamical chaos in classical gauge theories with spatially homogeneous fields. The chaotic behaviour displayed by both abelian and non-abelian gauge theories and the effect of the Higgs term in both cases are discussed. The role of the Chern-Simons term in these theories is examined in detail. Whereas, in the abelian case, the pure Chern-Simons-Higgs system is integrable, addition of the Maxwell term renders the system chaotic. In contrast, the non-abelian Chern-Simons-Higgs system is chaotic both in the presence and the absence of the Yang-Mills term. We support our conclusions with numerical studies on plots of phase trajectories and Lyapunov exponents. Analytical tests of integrability such as the Painlevé criterion are carried out for these theories. The role of the various terms in the Hamiltonians for the abelian Higgs, Yang-Mills-Higgs and Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons-Higgs systems with spatially homogeneous fields, in determining the nature of order-disorder transitions is highlighted, and the effects are shown to be counter-intuitive in the last-named system.

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