• M N Vahia

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • 3He-rich solar flares

      S Ramadurai M N Vahia S Biswas K Sakurai

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      A new subgroup of3He rich solar flares is found on reanalysing the global data.3He/H ratio as a function of maximum proton flux at an energy of about 10 MeV shows a break-up of the data into two groups. The first group follows the anticorrelation of3He/H ratio with the proton flux, as expected in the plasma process acceleration models. But the second group has a constant3He/H ratio as a function of maximum proton flux. This is not in conformity with the plasma process models. But this is expected in models where the nuclear spallation reactions are responsible for the production of3He. It is also found that the same break-up into two distinct groups follows if one plots the location of the flares in the solar disc. The first group is more or less confined to the west limb of the Sun, whereas the second group is more widely spread out across the solar disk.

    • Ionization states of cosmic rays:Anuradha (IONS) experiment in Spacelab-3

      S Biswas R Chakraborti R Cowsik N Durgaprasad P J Kajarekar R K Singh M N Vahia J S Yadav N Dutt J N Goswami D Lal H S Mazumdar D V Subhedar M K Padmanabhan

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      The measurements of the ionization states, composition, energy spectra and spatial distribution of heavy ions of helium to iron of energies 10–100 MeV/amu in the anomalous cosmic rays are of major importance in understanding their origin which is unknown at present.Anuradha (IONS) cosmic ray experiment in Spacelab-3 was designed to determine the above properties in near earth space and this had a highly successful flight and operations aboard the shuttle Challenger at an orbital altitude of 352 km during 29 April to 6 May 1985. The instrument employs solid state nuclear track detectors (CR-39) of high sensitivity and large collecting area of about 800 cm2 and determines the arrival time information of particles with active elements. Experimental methods, flight operations and preliminary results are briefly described. Initial results indicate that relatively high fluxes of low energy cosmic ray α-particles, oxygen group and heavier ions were obtained. The flight period corresponded to that of quiet Sun and the level of solar activity was close to solar minimum. It is estimated that about 10,000 events of low energy cosmic ray alpha particles with time annotation are recorded in the detector together with similar number of events of oxygen and heavier ions of low energy cosmic rays.

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