Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Hadron energy estimation from atmospheric neutrino events


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      The iron calorimeter (ICAL) at India-based neutrino observatory (INO) is designed to mainly observe the muons produced in the charged current interactions of atmospheric muon neutrinos and antineutrinos. The track of the muon is reconstructed using the hits they produce in the detector. From this track, the charge, the energy and the direction of the muon are estimated, which are used to do oscillation physics analysis. In a large fraction of events, a number of hadrons are also produced in addition to the muons. The charged hadrons also leave hits in the detector which can be utilised to estimate the hadron energy. In this work, we generate atmospheric neutrino events using two different neutrino event generators: NUANCE and GENIE. The generated events are passed through the Geant4 simulator of ICAL. In each case, we study the relation between hadron hits, defined to be the difference between the total number of hits and the muon track hits, and the hadron energy. We find that a non-negligible number of baryons are produced in atmospheric neutrino interactions. For $E_{had}$ < 5 GeV almost all the hadron energy is carried by these baryons. Finally, we formulate a procedure by which the hadron energy can be estimated from the number of hadron hits.

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