Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Shape, size and temperature dependency of thermal expansion, lattice parameter and bulk modulus in nanomaterials


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      A theoretical model is described here for studying the effect of temperature on nanomaterials. The thermodynamic equation of state (EoS) proposed by Goyal and Gupta in High Temp.-High Press. 45, 163 (2016); Oriental J. Chem. 32(4), 2193 (2016), is extended in the present study using Qi and Wang model [Mater. Chem. Phys. 88, 280 (2004)]. The thermal expansion coefficient is expressed in terms of shape and size and used to obtain the isobaric EoS of nanomaterials for the change in volume $V/V_{0}$. The variation in $V/V_{0}$ with temperature is estimatedfor spherical nanoparticles, nanowires and nanofilms. It is found that the volume thermal expansivity decreases as size of the nanomaterial increases, whereas $V/V_{0}$ increases with temperature across nanomaterials of different sizes. The lattice parameter variation with temperature is studied in Zn nanowires, Se and Ag nanoparticles. It is found that lattice constant increases with increase in temperature. Also, bulk modulus is found to increase with temperature in nanomaterials. The results obtained from the present model are compared with the available experimental data. A good consistency between the compared results confirms the suitability of the present model for studying thermalproperties of the nanomaterials.

    • Shape, size and phonon scattering effect on the thermal conductivity of nanostructures

      M GOYAL

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      A phenomological model is described here to study the effect of size, shape and phonon scattering on the thermal conductivity of nanostructures. Using the classical model proposed by Guisbiers et al (Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12, 7203 (2010), J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 4097 (2008)) in terms of the melting temperature of nanostructures, the expression for variation of thermal conductivity is obtained in terms of shape and size parameter. An additional term is included in the expression of thermal conductivity to consider the impact of phonon scattering due to the surface roughness with a decrease in size. The expression of thermal conductivity is obtained for spherical nanosolids, nanowires and nanofilms. The thermal conductivity is found to decrease in nanostructures in comparison with the counterpart bulk material. The values of thermal conductivity obtained from the present model are found to be close to the available experimental data for different values of roughness parameter which verifies the suitability of the model.

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