• MANZOOR AHMAD BADAR

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Parametric study of radiofrequency helium discharge under atmospheric pressure

      SAFDAR HUSSAIN HAFIZ IMRAN AHMAD QAZI SHANAWER NIAZ MANZOOR AHMAD BADAR

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      The parameters of radio frequency helium discharge under atmospheric pressure were studied by electrical and optical measurements using high voltage probe, current probe and optical emission spectroscopy. Two discharge modes $\alpha$ and $\gamma$ were observed within certain limits. During $\alpha$ to $\gamma$ mode transition, a decrease in voltage (280–168 V), current (2.05–1.61 A) and phase angle (76$^{\rm o}-56^{\rm o}$) occurred. The discharge parameters such as resistance, reactance, sheath thickness, electron density, excitation temperature and gas temperature were assessed by electrical measurements using equivalent circuit model and optical emission spectroscopy. In $\alpha$ mode, the discharge current increased from 1.17 to 2.05 A, electron density increased from $0.19 \times 10^{12} {\rm to} 0.47 \times 10^{12} {\rm cm}^{−3}$ while sheath thickness decreased from 0.40 to 0.25 mm. The excitation temperatures in the $\alpha$ and $\gamma$ modes were 3266 and 4500 K respectively, evaluated by Boltzmann’s plot method. The estimated gas temperature increased from 335 K in the α mode to 485 K in the γ mode, suggesting that the radio frequency atmospheric pressure helium discharge can be used for surface treatment applications.

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