• LALIT KUMAR GUPTA

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Bulk viscous accelerating Universe in $f (R, T)$ theory of gravity

      R PRASAD LALIT KUMAR GUPTA G K GOSWAMI ANIL KUMAR YADAV

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      In this paper, we propose that the late-time acceleration of the Universe is due to bulk viscous fluid and trace of energy–momentum tensor $T$ in $f (R, T )$ theory of gravity. We assume that $f (R, T ) = f (R)+2 f (T )$ with $f (R) = R$ and $f (T ) = \lambda T$ where $\lambda$ is a constant, $R$ and $T$ are the Ricci scalar and trace of energy–momentum tensor. First, we obtain an exact solution of the bulk viscous Universe in $f (R, T )$ gravity, then we use observational Hubble data (OHD), the baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) distance ratio data as well as SN Ia data to constrain the parameters of the derived bulk viscous Universe. Our estimations show that in the model under consideration $H_{0} = 69.089$ km/Mpc/s which is in good agreement with recent astrophysical observations. We ascertain the present age of the derived Universe as well as the signature flipping behaviour of deceleration parameter. Some physical properties of the derived model are also discussed.

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