• L B Tiwari

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Effect of dichlorodimethylsilane on plasma-treated cotton fabric

      C J Jahagirdar L B Tiwari

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      Cotton fabric was treated with dichlorodimethylsilane (DCDMS) solution by two methods. In the first method, the fabrics were directly dipped into DCDMS solution for different time intervals and in the second method, the fabric was first subjected to radiofrequency (RF) plasma treatment for different durations and optimized exposure power condition and then immersed in DCDMS solution. The physical properties of cotton fabrics, treated with DCDMS in the presence/absence of air plasma have been compared with those of the control fabrics. Changes in the surface morphology structure and composition were observed through scanning electron microscopy and attenuated total reflectance-IR. The change in colour parameters of the fabric due to the treatment was assessed by Dataflash 100 colour measurement spectrophotometer with colourtools QC 1.3 colour quality software. The water repellent property of untreated and modified fabrics was studied using AATCC test method 39 (1971). The effectiveness of the water repellent property was checked by washing the treated fabrics up to ten cycles.

    • Plasma treatment of polyester fabric to impart the water repellency property

      C J Jahagirdar L B Tiwari

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      Polyester fabric is treated with DCDMS solution by two methods: dipping the fabric directly in DCDMS solution for different intervals and dipping the fabric in DCDMS solution after its exposure into RF plasma chamber for different durations at optimized exposure power conditions. The physical properties of polyester fabric treated with DCDMS in the presence or absence of air plasma have been compared with control fabric. Different characterization techniques like scanning electron microscope, attenuated total reflectance-IR and Dataflash 100 colour measurement spectrophotometer are used to assess the surface morphology, composition and change in colour parameters. Water repellency property of both untreated and modified polyester fabric is studied using AATCC test method 39 (1971). The effectiveness of the water repellency property of modified polyester fabric is checked by repeated washing up to ten cycles.

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