• K S Kahlon

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Experimental investigation of angular dependence of photon induced L-shell X-ray emission intensity

      K S Kahlon K Shatendra K L Allawadhi B S Sood

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      The angular dependence of emission intensity of L shell X-rays induced by 59.57 keV photons in Pb and U is investigated by measuring the normalized intensities of the resolved L X-ray peaks at different angles varying from 40° to 120°. It is observed that while Ll and Lα X-ray peaks (originating fromJ = 3/2 state) show some anisotropic angular distribution, the emission of Lβ and Lγ X-ray peaks is isotropic. The present results contradict the calculations of Co-oper and Zare (1969) that after photoionization of inner shell, the vacancy state has equal population of magnetic substates and the subsequent X-ray emission is isotropic but confirm the predictions of Fluggeet al (1972) that the atomic inner shell vacancies produced after photoionization are aligned and the x-ray emission from the filling of vacancies in state withJ ⩾ 3/2 is anisotropic.

    • Determination ofL-shell X-ray production cross-sections in holmium by 10–40 keV photons

      K S Mann K S Kahlon H S Aulakh N Singh R Mittal K L Allawadhi B S Sood

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      In an effort to resolve the existing discrepancy between experiment and theory, the cross-sections for the production ofLl,Lα,Lβ andLγ groups ofL-shell X-rays of Ho by photons of nine energies in the range 10–40 keV have been measured using an improved version of annular source double reflection geometrical set-up. Contrary to the earlier findings of Garget al that the measured values of the cross-sections are consistently higher than those calculated theoretically, the present results do not confirm this. The plausible deficiencies in the experiments of Garget al are pointed out and possible remedies to overcome them are suggested. It is concluded that the higher values obtained by Garget al are probably due to systematic errors in their method of measurement.

    • Measurement of angular distribution of M shell fluorescent X-rays excited by 5·95 keV photons in thorium

      K S Kahlon K L Allawadhi B S Sood

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      The differential cross-sections for the emission of M shell fluorescent X-rays from Th by 5·95 keV photons at eight angles ranging from 50° to 120° have been measured. The differential cross-section is found to decrease with increase in the emission angle showing anisotropic spatial distribution of M shell fluorescent X-rays. The present results contradict the predictions of the calculations of Cooper and Zare [1] that the atomic inner shell vacancy states produced in photoionization are not aligned but confirm those of Fluggeet al [2] and Scofield [3] that the vacancy states withJ > 1/2 are aligned. The integral M shell fluorescent emission cross sections have been determined from the measured angular distribution coefficients and compared with theoretical integral cross-sections calculated by using theoretical values of M subshell photoionization cross-sections, fluorescence yields and coster kronig transition probabilities available in literature. The experimental and theoretical values of integral crosssections show a reasonable agreement.

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