• K Neelakantan

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Analysis of signal-to-noise enhancement of box-car averagers

      K Neelakantan S Dattagupta

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      The signal-to-noise improvement ratio (SNIR) of a Box-Car averager is calculated for various noise sources such as random white noise, exponentially correlated noise, etc. For a time constant (RC), and a sampling time ε, the quoted value of SNIR as (2RC/ε)1/2 is shown to be strictly correct only when the noise is white and deviation from this law is expected for other non-white noise sources. The validity of some of the calculated expressions is established by direct measurement of noise output.

    • Phase transitions of a feedback amplifier

      K Neelakantan G Venkataraman

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      The phase transition behaviour of an amplifier with positive feedback is experimentally studied. The results are interpreted using catastrophe theory language. Zero (in Gilmore’s classification), first and second-order transitions are demonstrated by driving the system along appropriate trajectories in control parameter space and the cusp and the spinodal are mapped. The fluctuations of the order parameter are investigated and their relationship to system response time established. Quench experiments analogous to those familiar in condensed matter have also been performed and with similar results.

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