• K B Bhalla

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Transverse momenta of secondaries from 200 GeV/c proton-nucleus interactions

      Y V Keshava Rao R K Puri K B Bhalla S Lokanathan

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      A study of 100 interactions, produced by secondary particles from 200 GeV/c proton interactions in nuclear emulsions, has been made to estimate the transverse momenta of the secondary particles. The data have been analysed by different methods of energy estimation and the weighted average values ofpt have been compared as estimated from various methods. An average value ofpt equal to 0.38 ± 0.03 GeV/c, in proton-nucleus interactions at 200 GeV/c, has been obtained from the production mechanism method.

    • Collective bounce-off phenomenon in139La+Ag(Br) reaction at 1.1 A GeV energy

      B Singh H S Palsania V Kumar K B Bhalla S Lokanathan

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      Out of a total statistics of 896139La+Ag(Br) interactions, 128 interactions having multiplicity of target fragments (Z⩾1)⩾8 and projectile fragments (Z⩾2)⩾4 have been selected. They correspond to quasi-peripheral interactions. Azimuthal angle correlation between sources of target fragments (TFs) and projectile fragments (PFs) shows the existence of bounce-off effect. Using data of La+Ag(Br) and84Kr+Ag(Br) reactions it is shown that individual helium [Z=2, PFs] and heavier fragment [Z⩾3, PFs] show different emission characteristics. Further, a two prong correlation functionTij) plotted for heavier fragments and helium fragments separately, indicates the possibility of existence of different physical conditions. This observation is supported by the different momentum widths of helium fragments and heavier fragments. From the momentum width data of Kr+Ag(Br) reactions normalized density comes out to be ≈4.7. Using quasi-elastic kinematics for the bounce-off nuclei, the excitation energy has been computed from the experimental data of flow angles. The strength of bounce-off seems to decrease with the increase of excitation energy or temperature.

    • Experimental results of heavy ion interactions in emulsions

      K B Bhalla

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