• K S Karim

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Probing ultrafast carrier dynamics, nonlinear absorption and refraction in core–shell silicon nanowires

      Sunil Kumar M Khorasaninejad M M Adachi K S Karim S S Saini A K Sood

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      We investigate the relaxation dynamics of photogenerated carriers in silicon nanowires consisting of a crystalline core and a surrounding amorphous shell, using femtosecond time resolved differential reflectivity and transmission spectroscopy at 3.15 eV and 1.57 eV photon energies. The complex behaviour of the differential transmission and reflectivity transients is the mixed contributions from the crystalline core and the amorphous silicon on the nanowire surface and the substrate where competing effects of state-filling and photoinduced absorption govern the carrier dynamics. Faster relaxation rates are observed on increasing the photogenerated carrier density. Independent experimental results on crystalline silicon-on-sapphire (SOS) help us in separating the contributions from the carrier dynamics in crystalline core and the amorphous regions in the nanowire samples. Further, single-beam z-scan nonlinear transmission experiments at 1.57 eV in both open- and close-aperture configurations yield two-photon absorption coefficient 𝛽 (∼3 cm/GW) and nonlinear refraction coefficient 𝛾 ($−2.5 × 10^{−4}$ cm2 /GW).

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