• K B Modi

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Far-infrared spectral studies of magnesium and aluminum co-substituted lithium ferrites

      K B Modi J D Gajera M P Pandya G Vora H H Joshi

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      Polycrystalline MgxAl2xLi0.5(1−x)Fe2.5(1−x) O4 (x = 0.0, 0.2, 0.5, 0.6 and 0.7) ferrites were prepared by standard ceramic method, and characterized by X-ray diffraction and infrared absorption spectroscopy. The spectra show two significant absorption bands in the wave number range of 400–1000 cm−1 arising from interatomic vibrations in the tetrahedral and octahedral coordination compounds. The decrease in intensity and increase in broadness of bands with concentration (x) are explained on the basis of cation distribution. The force constants and bulk modulus are found to decrease with Mg-Al content (x) which suggested weakening of interatomic bonding. An alternate method for the determination of bulk modulus, longitudinal and transverse velocities is suggested. The magnetic and electrical properties of these compounds are explained in the light of structural and optical properties.

    • Ultrasonic studies of aluminium-substituted Bi(Pb)-2223 superconductors

      M B Solunke P U Sharma M P Pandya V K Lakhani K B Modi P Venugopal Reddy S S Shah

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      The compositional dependence of elastic properties of Al3+-substituted Bi(Pb)-2223 superconducting system with the general formula Bi1.7−x AlxPb0.3Sr2Ca2Cu3 Oy(x = 0.0, 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3) have been studied by means of ultrasonic pulse transmission (UPT) technique at 1 MHz (300 K). The elastic moduli of the specimens are computed and corrected to zero porosity. The observed variation of elastic constants with aluminium substitution has been explained on the basis of the strength of interatomic bonding. The applicability of heterogeneous metal mixture rule for estimating elastic constants and transition temperature has been tested.

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