• J Segar

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • A quark model based on QCD scale anomaly

      J Segar M S Sriram

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      We consider a quark model based on QCD scale anomaly in which the quarks move in the field of an effective glueball field. Hadrons correspond to solitonic bags of higher energy density in a nonperturbative sea of condensed gluons. We calculate the static properties of nucleon in this model and find that the nucleon mass is far too large (2.4–4 GeV) and the proton charge radius (0.37–0.54 fm) is low. The proton gyromagnetic ratio and gA/gv are in reasonable agreement with the experimental numbers.

    • Strange solitons in a chiral quark-meson model

      J Segar M S Sri Ram

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      We consider aSU(3) quark soliton model based on chiral invariant quark-meson coupling. We find soliton solutions with nonzero strangeness andB=1 in the model with nontrivial kaonic fields, for values of the coupling constant greater than the phenomenologically acceptable number. Hence they do not correspond to known strange baryons.

    • Nonlinear chiral models: Soliton solutions and spatio-temporal chaos

      M S Sriram J Segar

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      Nonlinear effective Lagrangian models with a chiral symmetry have been used to describe strong interactions at low energy, for a long time. The Skyrme model and the chiral quark-meson model are two such models, which have soliton solutions which can be identified with the baryons. We describe the various kinds of soliton states in these nonlinear models and discuss their physical significance and uses in this review. We also study these models from the view point of classical nonlinar dynamical systems. We consider fluctuations around theB=1 soliton solutions of these models (B, being the baryon number) and solve the spherically symmetric, time-dependent systems. Numerical studies indicate that the phase space around the Skyrme soliton solution exhibits spatio-temporal chaos. It is remarkable that topological solitons signifying stability/order and spatio-temporal chaos coexist in this model. In contrast with this, the soliton of the quark-meson model is stable even for large perturbations.

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