• J S Yadav

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • A search for superheavy nuclei tracks in extraterrestrial olivine crystals

      J S Yadav A P Sharma G N Flerov V O Perelygin S G Stetsenko P Pellas C Perron R Antanasijevich B Jakupi Y Todorovich

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      A study is made for the search of superheavy nuclei in Marjalahti, Eagle Station and in other pallasite olivines. The olivine crystals are calibrated for heavy ion track lengths by using heavy ion beams from cyclotrons. The calibration for ultra heavy ions which are presently not available with sufficient energy to produce volume tracks in olivine crystals, is based on Katz and Kobetich model of track formation. The length spectrum of volume tracks, revealed by puncturing them with focussed Nd-glass laser beam, is measured and the abundances of different nuclei groups are calculated. Partial annealing has been used at 430°C for 32 hr which eliminates the interfering tracks due to nuclei of atomic numberS ≤ 50. During the scanning 4 cm3 olivine crystals, about 360 long tracks of uranium group as well as two very long tracks have been found. If these tracks belong to superheavy nuclei, the relative abundance of super heavies is found to be 6 × 10−11 in galactic cosmic rays.

    • Study of1840Ar ion tracks in cellulose nitrate

      Subhash Chander Shyam Kumar J S Yadav A P Sharma

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      Sample of cellulose nitrate (Russian) is exposed to1840Ar ions. The bulk etch rate has been studied at different etching temperatures and the activation energy for bulk etch rate has been calculated. The etched track lengths are measured for different etching times. The energy loss rate and range of1840Ar ions in CN(R) is also calculated. The critical threshold value for etchable track in CN(R) is determined by comparing the theoretical and experimental values of track length. The response curve of CN(R) is also presented.

    • π* ←π electronic transition in hydroxy-benzonitriles. I. Orthohydroxybenzonitrile

      S Ram J S Yadav H D Bist

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      The longest wavelengthπ* ←π electronic band system of ortho-hydroxybenzonitrile vapour through the absorption technique has been reported for the first time. Assuming a planar molecular geometry in both the electronic states, the molecule is classified into aCs point group, and the present spectrum is attributed to1A′ ←1A′ type corresponding to electric dipole forbidden transition1B2u1A1g (260 nm band system) of benzene. The most intense band at 33914 cm−1 has been assigned as the 0, 0 band, and the other vibronic bands have been interpreted in terms of the excited state and a few ground state fundamentals.

    • Ionization states of cosmic rays:Anuradha (IONS) experiment in Spacelab-3

      S Biswas R Chakraborti R Cowsik N Durgaprasad P J Kajarekar R K Singh M N Vahia J S Yadav N Dutt J N Goswami D Lal H S Mazumdar D V Subhedar M K Padmanabhan

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      The measurements of the ionization states, composition, energy spectra and spatial distribution of heavy ions of helium to iron of energies 10–100 MeV/amu in the anomalous cosmic rays are of major importance in understanding their origin which is unknown at present.Anuradha (IONS) cosmic ray experiment in Spacelab-3 was designed to determine the above properties in near earth space and this had a highly successful flight and operations aboard the shuttle Challenger at an orbital altitude of 352 km during 29 April to 6 May 1985. The instrument employs solid state nuclear track detectors (CR-39) of high sensitivity and large collecting area of about 800 cm2 and determines the arrival time information of particles with active elements. Experimental methods, flight operations and preliminary results are briefly described. Initial results indicate that relatively high fluxes of low energy cosmic ray α-particles, oxygen group and heavier ions were obtained. The flight period corresponded to that of quiet Sun and the level of solar activity was close to solar minimum. It is estimated that about 10,000 events of low energy cosmic ray alpha particles with time annotation are recorded in the detector together with similar number of events of oxygen and heavier ions of low energy cosmic rays.

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