• J K N Sharma

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Accurate measurement of pressure

      J K N Sharma K K Jain

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      This paper briefly describes the fundamental principles of the instruments used for accurate measurement of hydrostatic pressure and in particular the use of piston gauges as primary pressure standards. Different methods for the calibration of secondary standards have been discussed and in particular, emphasis has been given to the calibration of secondary piston gauges against the primary standards by the cross-float method along with the evaluation of uncertainties attached to different correction factors associated with the measurement of pressure from these gauges. The importance of secondary pressure standards in the region 0.1 GPa to several GPa has also been defined.

    • Effect of viscosity of the pressure-transmitting fluid on the metrological characterization of the piston gauge up to 1 GPa

      J K N Sharma A K Bandyopadhyay

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      A systematic theoretical investigation has been carried out to study the effect of viscosity of the pressure-transmitting fluids on the measurement of pressure up to 1 GPa using piston gauges. The fluid flow equation is modified to determine the fall rate (v) with pressure (P), taking the pressure-dependent viscosityη(P) and clearance between piston and cylinder [H(P)] terms into account. Above 0.4 GPa, the fall rate curve shows the tendency to be pressure independent. The near-constancy ofv withP can be avoided with less viscous fluid or by increasingH(P). Finally. the initial clearance obtained from the experimental data of fall rate, shows a weak dependence of pressure, although theoretically it is assumed to be independent of pressure. This weak pressure dependence is attributed to the effect of viscosity of the pressure transmitting fluid.

    • Effect of liquid phase on the triple point pressure of argon

      A K Bandyopadhyay J K N Sharma E S R Gopal

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      We report here a systematic data analysis of the vapour pressure of argon at different amounts of the liquid phase to understand the thermodynamic behaviour of this inert gas around triple point. At the triple point plateau, the applied heat pulse melts a certain phase of solid argon into liquid and increases vapour pressure. It is observed that this vapour pressure attains the thermodynamic equilibrium pressure after a certain time interval. The expoential decay of the vapour pressure as a function of time at different fractions of the liquid phase shows two different features. In one region, the relexation time constant (τ) is low and is not varying with the liquid phase, while in the other region the value ofτ increases with the amount of the liquid phase. Further, the peak pressure from the equilibrium pressure (ΔPh), obtained from the fitting parameters, shows a dip at around 50% of the liquid phase. A qualitative physical interpretation has been given to explain these results.

    • Establishment of the mercury fixed point around 0°C using volumetric method

      J K N Sharma A K Bandyopadhyay

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      The paper describes the determination of melting pressure of mercury around 0°C using the volume method at the National Physical Laboratory. Also described are the details of the experimental set-up and the estimation of the uncertainty in the measurement of pressure. The equilibrium pressure in the flat region of the melting curve over which bulk transformation occurs, is established by increasing/decreasing the pressure. The scatter in the obtained data for equilibrium pressures is within the limit of experimental uncertainty of the measurement of pressure. The average observed value for the melting pressure of mercury at 0·002°C is 756·93±0·25 MPa agreeing well with the reported value of Dadsonet al [1] and Molinaret al [2a, b].

    • High pressure measurement with simple piston gauge in static condition

      J K N Sharma Kamlesh K Jain H N P Poddar

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      This paper describes the characterization of the newly developed piston gauge pressure standard at the National Physical Laboratory (NPL), with particular reference to its fall rate, engagement length of the piston and the deceleration rate for the measurement of hydraulic hydrostatic pressure up to 60 MPa. The low pressure effective area of the gauge derived from its dimensional measurements when compared with the value obtained by its direct calibration against NPL transfer pressure standard agrees within 0.025%. The pressure gauge is quite stable, reproducible and has a sensitivity of 3 ppm. Though the theoretically calculated value of the pressure coefficient is low as compared to the experimentally observed one in its absolute terms, the pressure dependent effective area agrees within ± 0.025% over whole of the pressure range which is well within the uncertainty statement of the two independent techniques used.

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