Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • New exact models for anisotropic matter with electric field


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      We generate two newexact models for the Einstein–Maxwell field equations. In our models, we consider the stellar object that is anisotropic and charged with linear equation of state consistent with quark stars. We have a new choice of measure of anisotropy that is physically reasonable. It is interesting that in our models we regain previous isotropic results as special cases. Isotropic exact solutions regained include models by Komathiraj and Maharaj; Mak and Harko; and Misner and Zapolsky. We can also obtain particular anisotropic models obtained by Maharaj, Sunzu, and Ray. The exact solutions corresponding to our models are found explicitly in terms of elementary functions. The graphical plots generated for the matter variables and the electric field are well behaved. We also generate relativistic stellar masses consistent with observations.

    • New stellar models generated using a quadratic equation of state


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      We obtain new regular exact solutions to the field equations for uncharged relativistic stellar objects with vanishing pressure anisotropy. We assume a quadratic equation of state and a choice of measure of anisotropy and a metric function defining one of the gravitational potentials. In our exact models, we regain anisotropic and isotropic results generated by other researchers as a special case. It is interesting that our results are in agreement withMinkowski space–time and earlier Einstein models. The physical analysis of the plots reveals that the gravitational potentials and matter variables are well behaved in the stellar interior. Using our model, we generate finite relativistic stellar masses which are consistent with the astronomical objects previously found by other researchers.

    • Generalised charged anisotropic quark star models


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      We find new stellar models to the field equations for charged anisotropic spheres. We use linear quarkequation of state for strange quarkmatter.We choose a new form of pressure anisotropy as a rational function. In ourmodel, we regain previous isotropic and anisotropic stellar models as specific cases. Isotropic models regained arethose found by Komathiraj and Maharaj, Mak and Harko, and Misner and Zapolsky. Anisotropic models regainedinclude the performance by Maharaj, Sunzu and Ray; and Sunzu and Danford. We indicate that our model meetsthe stability and energy conditions. We also generate stellar masses consistent with observations.

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