• Harjinder Singh

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Current trends in the theories of gas-surface interaction

      Harjinder Singh B M Deb

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      Studies on gas-surface dynamics have acquired considerable importance recently not only for their intrinsic scientific interest but also for their technological potential. This article first briefly describes various experimental techniques and a number of interesting recent observations resulting from these techniques. It then discusses certain important theoretical methodologies being extensively used nowadays. There arethree broad overlapping streams of theoretical works, viz classical, semi-classical and quantum-mechanical. There are alsothree basic problems in gas-surface interaction, viz (i) the interface presents a manybody problem; (ii) the solid surface is “rough”; (iii) the number of diffractive and inelastic channels is enormously large. The semi-classical approaches appear to dominate over the others in variety and quantity. But the sources of benchmark theoretical results are still the rigorous classical-trajectory and close-coupling quantum-mechanical calculations. The coming years are likely to witness not only increased numerical accuracy through refinements in semi-classical and quantum-mechanical approaches, but also certain special approximate methods designed to yield deeper physical insights into the nature of gas-surface interaction.

    • Current trends in the theories of gas-surface interaction

      Harjinder Singh B M Deb

      More Details Fulltext PDF
    • Adsorption on model fractal surfaces

      Harjinder Singh Ranbir Singh

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      A simple model for the adsorption of gas molecules on fractal surfaces is formulated. For surface reactions where adsorption is the rate determining step, considerations based on the probability of adsorption are sufficient to describe the kinetics. Different values of fractal dimension correspond to different values of rate constant for adsorption. A linear relationship between the dynamics and the geometric properties of a solid surface as well as a statistical mechanical relationship between internal partition functions of the gas molecule and the adsorption complex are obtained.

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