Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics
Volume 80 Issue 5 May 2013 pp 785-796
In this paper the time evolution of von Neumann entropy, as a measure of entanglement between V-type three-level atoms and the union of a two-mode field, is studied. The atom–field interaction is assumed to occur in a Kerr-type medium with an intensity-dependent coupling. Introducing a Casmir operator whose eigenvalues, 𝑁, give total excitations in the system and commutes with the governing Hamiltonian, it is concluded that the latter is block-diagonal with ever growing dimensions. As we shall show, however, each block consists of two $2 \times 2$ blocks while all the others, $(N −1)$ in number, are $3 \times 3$. We then proceed to analytically calculate the time-evolution operator which is also block-diagonal, each block with the same properties as that of the Hamiltonian. Our calculations show that, as expected, the atom–field entanglement oscillates which, depending upon the initial state, exhibits the phenomenon of collapse revivals. It is further shown that collapse revivals occur whenever both $2 \times 2$ blocks are involved in the time evolution of the system. Properties of such behaviour in the entanglement are also discussed in detail.
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