• Gautam Johri

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Soliton-like solutions of some nonlinear theories and transformations among them

      G P Malik J Subba Rao Gautam Johri

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      The observation that the soliton-like solutions of a given second-order nonlinear differential equation define the separatrix of the equivalent autonomous system is used to obtain the one-soliton solutions for theφ4 theories (the usual and the one with the wrong sign of the mass term), theφ6, theφ8, the sine-Gordon theories and the KdV equation. Transformations are given which transform the sine-Gordon equation into an equation belonging to theφ2n class of theories. A procedure is evolved for obtaining the two-soliton solutions for the sine-Gordon theory without the use of Backlund transformations; it is suggested that this procedure may be useful for investigating the existence of similar solutions for theories of the polynomial type.

    • Bethe-Salpeter equation with the sine-Gordon interaction

      G P Malik Gautam Johri

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      An attempt is made to study the interaction Hamiltonian,Hint =2(x)U(φ(x)) in the Bethe-Salpeter framework for the confined states of theψ particles interactingvia the exchange of theU field, whereU(φ) = cos (). An approximate solution of the eigenvalue problem is obtained in the instantaneous approximation by projecting the Wick-rotated Bethe-Salpeter equation onto the surface of a four-dimensional sphere and employing Hecke’s theorem in the weak-binding limit. We find that the spectrum of energies for the confined states,E =2m+B (B is the binding energy), is characterized byEn6, wheren is the principal quantum number.

    • A virial approach to soliton-like solutions of coupled non-linear differential equations including the ’t-Hooft-Polyakov monopole equations

      G P Malik J Subba Rao Gautam Johri

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      A virial theorem for solitons derived by Friedberg, Lee and Sirlin is used to reduce a system of second order equations to an equivalent first order set. It is shown that this theorem, when used in conjunction with our earlier observation that soliton-like solutions lie on the separatrix, helps in obtaining soliton-like solutions of theories involving coupled fields. The method is applied to a system of equations studied extensively by Rajaraman. The ’t-Hooft-Polyakov monopole equations are then studied and we obtain the well-known monopole solutions in the Prasad-Sommerfeld limit (λ=0); for the case λ≠0, we succeed in obtaining a non-trivial algebraic constraint between the fields of the theory.

    • A stochastic model for solidification - I. The basic equations, their analysis and solution

      Shobha Dass Gautam Johri Lakshman Pandey

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      A 3-dimensional (2-space, 1-time) model relating the diffusion of heat and mass to the kinetic processes at the solid-liquid interface, using a stochastic approach is presented in this paper. This paper is divided in two parts. In the first part the basic set of equations describing solidification alongwith their analysis and solution are given. The process of solidification has a stochastic character and depends on the net probability of transfer of atoms from liquid to the solid phase. This has been modeled by a Markov process in which knowledge of the parameters at the initial time only is needed to evaluate the time evolution of the system. Solidification process is expressed in terms of four coupled equations, namely, the diffusion equations for heat and mass, the equations for concentration of the solid phase and for rate of growth of the solid-liquid interface. The position of the solid-liquid interface is represented with the help of a delta function and it is defined as the surface at which latent heat is evolved. A numerical method is used to solve the equations appearing in the model. In the second part the results i.e. the time evolution of the solid-liquid interface shape and its concentration, rate of growth and temperature are given.

    • A stochastic model for solidification II. Application to binary metallic melts

      Shobha Dass Gautam Johri Lakshman Pandey

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      A stochastic model to study the solidifcation process developed in part I is applied to various binary alloys having different values of interaction energies. The results obtained for the time evolution of temperature and concentration, rate of growth and shape of the solid-liquid interface are presented.

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