• Debendranath Sahoo

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Tensor product composition of algebras in Bose and Fermi canonical formalism

      Debendranath Sahoo

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      We consider a graded algebra with two products (σ, α) over anε-factor commutation. One of the products (σ) isε-commutative, but, in general non-associative; and the other (α) is a graded Lieε-product and a gradedε-derivative with respect to the first (σ). Using the obvious mathematical condition, namely—the tensor product of two graded algebras with the sameε-factors is another with the sameε-factor, we determine the complete structure of a two-product (σ, α) graded algebra.

      When theε-factors are taken to be unity and the gradation structure is ignored, we recover the algebras of the physical variables of classical and quantum systems, considered by Grgin and Petersen.

      With the retention of the gradation structure and the possible choice of two ε-factors we recover the algebras of the canonical formalism of boson and fermion systems for the above classical and quantum theories. We also recover in this case the algebra of anticommutative classical systems considered by Martin along with its quantum analogue.

    • Classical mechanics in phase space revisited

      Debendranath Sahoo

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      A Bose type of classical Hamilton algebra, i.e., the algebra of the canonical formalism of classical mechanics, is represented on a linear space of functions of phase space variables. The symplectic metric of the phase space and possible algorithms of classical mechanics (which include the standard one) are derived. It is shown that to each of the classical algorithms there is a corresponding one in the phase space formulation of quantum mechanics.

    • Lattice statics calculations for a vacancy in magnesium

      Debendranath Sahoo Hrushi Kesh Sahu

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      Using the Green function method of lattice statics, the lattice distortion in the neighborhood of a vacancy in magnesium has been calculated in three different axially-symmetric (AS) host lattice models and also in a model derived from an empirical interatomic pair potential. The variations in the lattice distortion and the relaxation energy of the vacancy are studied as the size of the defect space is allowed to vary from two to four surrounding neighbors. The perfect static lattice Green functions are computed up to 19 neighbors in the 4 models and the values obtained are shown to be not very sensitive to the model chosen. The lattice relaxation is found to be negligible in all models except in a four-neighbor AS model. The relaxation energies in these four models are computed to be 0.0027 eV, 0.034 eV, 0.28 eV and 0.0069 eV respectively. Results for the monovacancy formation energy, the elastic dipole tensor and the volume change of the crystal due to the vacancy are also presented.

    • Localized modes of ammonium ion in KCl lattice

      R Kesavamoorthy V Umadevi Debendranath Sahoo

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      Following the standard Green’s functions matrix partitioning technique, the force constant changes needed to explain the translational (6.8 THz) and torsional (10.1 THz) modes occurring in the KCl:NH4+ system are calculated. Three different defect site symmetries are considered for the ammonium ion impurity. These are (i)Oh, in which the ammonium ion is a free rotor, (ii)Td, in which it is a hindered rotor and (iii)C4v, in which it rotates freely about a N - H ... Cl axis and librates around the other two crystallographic axes.Oh defect symmetry explains only the translational mode, while in the other two symmetries both the modes are explained with reasonable changes in the force constants. It is also shown that the same set of force constant changes explains the local modes in the deuterated sample as well.

    • Light scattering from a nonequilibrium fluid undergoing a planar Poiseuille-Couette flow

      Debendranath Sahoo

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      We calculate the Rayleigh-Brillouin spectrum of a Newtonian fluid undergoing a planar Poiseuille-Couette flow using the fluctuating hydrodynamic approach of Landau and Lifshitz. Our results reduce to the corresponding results for pure Couette flow when the pressure gradient is made to vanish. The Brillouin spectrum is obtainable from that appropriate to Couette flow by a simple rescaling. There are very minute corrections which impart asymmetry to the Brillouin lines as well as the Rayleigh line, and these can be selectively picked up by suitable choice of the scattering geometry.

    • Fluctuating hydrodynamics of a fluid with internal rotation

      Debendranath Sahoo

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      The fluctuating hydrodynamics theory of a fluid possessing internal rotation is set up following the Landau-Lifshitz approach.

    • Algebraic structure of Nambu mechanics

      Debendranath Sahoo M C Valsakumar

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      Abstracting from Nambu’s work [1] on the generalization of Hamiltonian mechanics, we obtain the concept of a classical Nambu algebra of type I (CNA-I). Consistency requirement of time evolution of the trilinear Nambu bracket leads to a new five point identity (FPI). Incorporating the FPI into CNA-I, we obtain a classical Nambu algebra of type II (CNA-II). Nambu’s algorithm for generalized classical mechanics turns out to be compatible with CNA-II. Tensor product composition of two CNA-I’s results in another CNA-I whereas that of two CNA-II’s does not. This implies that interacting systems cannot be consistently treated in Nambu’s framework. It is shown that the recent generalization of Nambu mechanics based on an arbitrary Lie group (instead of the particular case of the rotation group as in the case of Nambu’s original algorithm) suggested by Biyalinicki-Birula and Morrison [2], is compatible with CNA-I but not with CNA-II. Relaxation of the commutative and associative observable product by making it nonassociative so as to arrive at the quantum counterpart meets with serious difficulties from the view point of tensor product composition property. Thus neither CNA-I nor CNA-II have quantum counterparts. Implications of our results are discussed with special reference to existing work on Nambu mechanics in the literature.

    • q-Deformation of algebraic structures of quantum and classical mechanics

      Debendranath Sahoo M C Valsakumar

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      There exists a coassociative and cocommutative coproduct in the linear space spanned by the two algebraic products of a classical Hamilton algebra (the algebraic structure underlying classical mechanics [1]). The transition from classical to quantum Hamilton algebra (the algebraic structure underlying quantum mechanics) is anħ-deformation which preserves not only the Lie property of the classical Hamilton algebra but also the coassociativity and cocommutativity of the above coproduct. By explicit construction we obtain the algebraic structures of theq-deformed Hamilton algebras which preserve the said properties of the coproduct. Some algorithms of these structures are obtained and their implications discussed. The problem of consistency of time evolution with theq-deformed kinematical structure is discussed. A characteristic distinction between the parametersħ andq is brought out to stress the fact thatq cannot be regarded as a fundamental constant.

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