Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Convective heat transfer and double diffusive convection in ionic nanofluids flow driven by peristalsis and electromagnetohydrodynamics


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      An analytical study to investigate the double diffusive convection in peristaltic pumping of ionic nanofluids through asymmetric microchannel under the influence of electromagnetohydrodynamics (EMHD) is presented. Thermal radiation effect is also considered. Velocity slip and convective boundary conditions are employed at the permeable channel walls. Debye Hückel linearisation is considered to simplify the Poisson–Boltzmann equation. The normalised two-dimensional conservation equations formass, momentum, energy, solutal concentration and nanoparticle fraction are reduced when long wavelength and low Reynolds number are assumed. Analytical solutions are computationally illustrated with MATLAB software to describe the pumping, flow and thermal characteristics under the effects of relevant parameters like Biot number, slip parameters, thermal radiation, Debye length, Hartmann number and Grashof numbers. Furthermore, solutal concentration, nanoparticle fraction and heat transfer coefficient are also analysed to see the influences of pertinent parameters. Such observations may be applicable to develop electro-osmotically actuated bio-microfluidic systems for smart drug delivery andmicrolevel physiological transport.

    • Surface roughness analysis on the peristaltic pumping flow model


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      This study presents a surface roughness analysis of the mechanism of peristaltic flow in viscous fluids through a diverging cylindrical tube. The effects of different heights of surface roughness of the inner walls of a diverging tube have been included in the analysis. Formulation of the problem is done based on the continuity and momentum equations in a cylindrical coordinate system. A standard lubrication approach is adopted to simplify the formulations for exact solutions. The influence of surface roughness of the tube wall on flow velocity, pressure rise,flow rate, friction force and streamline patterns have been computed. Results suggest that the impact of roughness cannot be ignored during the peristaltic pumping of the fluid as a profound effect of roughness is seen on pressurerise and friction force. The basic peristaltic model presented by Shapiro et al in J. Fluid Mech. $37$, 799 (1969) is the special case of this model for zero surface roughness with unform channel. This analysis will provide a benchmarkfor various non-Newtonian pumping flow models with surface roughness analysis. The finding of the present model will also be utilised in developing the emerging health care pumping devices for transport phenomena.

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