Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics
Volume 68 Issue 3 March 2007 pp 443-450 Research Articles
Interferometric key readable security holograms with secrete-codes
Raj Kumar D Mohan A K Aggarwal
A new method is described to create secrete-codes in the security holograms for enhancing their anti-counterfeiting characteristics. To imitate these codes is difficult as pure phase objects having complex phase distribution function are used to modulate the object beam that is recorded in conjunction with an encoded interferometric reference beam derived from a key hologram. Lloyd's folding mirror interferometer is used to convert phase variations of the reconstructed wave-front into an intensity pattern for hologram authenticity verification. Creating the secrete-codes through an interferometric reference beam from the key hologram facilitates a multi-stage authenticity verification as well as easy repositioning of the security hologram through a specific Moiré pattern generated during the verification process.
Volume 68 Issue 4 April 2007 pp 581-589 Research Articles
Phase knife-edge laser Schlieren diffraction interferometry with boundary diffraction wave theory
Raj Kumar D Mohan Sushil K Kaura D P Chhachhia A K Aggarwal
Within the framework of boundary diffraction wave theory it has been shown that the first bright fringe on either side of the central dark fringe of the phase knife-edge Fresnel diffraction pattern could be broadened to cover the whole field of view. Broadening of the first diffraction fringe, instead of conventionally modifying the spatial frequency spectrum, enhances the sensitivity of the Schlieren system. The use of phase knife-edge as viewing diaphragm in Schlieren diffraction interferometry not only enhances the fringe contrast but also avoids the loss in phase information as it lets through light from all parts of the test object and its thin interfacing makes the method suitable even for studying weak disturbances.
Volume 70 Issue 1 January 2008 pp 121-129 Research Articles
Comparative study of different Schlieren diffracting elements
Raj Kumar Sushil K Kaura D P Chhachhia D Mohan A K Aggarwal
This paper presents an analysis of diffraction effects taking place at different Schlieren diffracting elements. Two types of diffraction effects are prominent in the Schlieren schemes. One is diffraction of direct light (source image) at the Schlieren element, which limits the sensitivity and resolution of Schlieren systems. The second type is the diffraction of light deflected from the test object at the Schlieren-diffracting element. This second type of diffraction degrades the quality of Schlieren results. Experimental results showing the effect of diffraction of light deflected from the test object at a phase knife-edge, corner of a square phase aperture and an optical fiber tip as Schlieren diffracting elements have been presented and discussed.
Volume 70 Issue 1 January 2008 pp 131-139 Research Articles
Dual beam encoded extended fractional Fourier transform security hologram with in-built repositioning
Amit K Sharma D P Chhachhia D Mohan A K Aggarwal
This paper describes a simple method for making dual beam encoded extended fractional Fourier transform (EFRT) security holograms. The hologram possesses different stages of encoding so that security features are concealed and remain invisible to the counterfeiter. These concealed and encoded anticounterfeit security features in the security hologram can only be read through a key hologram. Key hologram also facilitates in-built repositioning of security hologram. The method of fabrication, the principle of reconstruction and the experimental results are presented.
Volume 97, 2023
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