• C K Subramanian

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Laser Raman spectra of mixed crystals of [(NH4)1−x Kx]2 SO4

      V Srinivasan C K Subramanian P S Narayanan

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      The Raman spectra of mixed crystals of [(NH4)1−x Kx]2 SO4 in the region 50–3400 cm−1 at 293 K and below 223 K have been reported. At room temperature 293 K, as the concentration of K+ ion increases in the crystal up to 50%, the frequencies of the totally symmetric vibrations of SO42− and NH4+ ions increase and thereafter the frequency of SO42− vibration decreases and attains the value in K2SO4. This change in frequency up to 50% of potassium concentration is due to the breaking of hydrogen bonds of the type N-H...O. The behaviour of Raman intensities of Ag(v1) mode of SO42− for various concentrations (x=0, 0·03, 0·11, 0·5, 0·85) suggest that the phase transition changes from first order type to one of second order. The phase transition in mixed crystals of [(NH4)1−x Kx]2 SO4 can be a cooperative phenomenon arising from a coupling between (NH4)+ ions through hydrogen bonds with the distorted SO42− ions in the low temperature phase.

    • Wavelength dependence of phase conjugate reflectivity in absorbing media and thermal grating studies by four wave mixing

      R Krishna Mohan B Raghavendra Prasad C K Subramanian P S Narayanan

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      The development of optical phase conjugation using thermally formed gratings in absorbing media, especially the dye solutions, has besides the high efficiencies, many other characteristics which are worthy of study. Here the wavelength dependence of phase conjugate reflectivity in relation to absorption spectrum of rhodamine-6G and rhodamine-B in water, methanol and ethanol is reported. Further the Bragg condition has been verified for the dominant diffracted beam which shows that the thermal grating behaves like an optically thick grating.

    • Magnetization studies in niobium and YBa2Cu3O7 samples

      B V B Sarkissian A K Grover G Balakrishnan Ravi Kumar P L Paulose R Vijayaraghavan V Sankaranarayanan C K Subramanian

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      The results of experimental studies on hysteresis in magnetization, thermomagnetic history effects, anomalous variations in magnetic hysteresis curves and the decay rates of magnetization obtained under different thermomagnetic histories in specimens of conventional and high temperature superconductors are presented. The Bean’s critical state model is considered adequate to explain magnetic behaviour in conventional hard superconductors. The similarity in the general features of the results of different experiments on specimens of the two families of superconductors underscores the efficacy of the said model to understand some aspects of the macroscopic magnetic response of high temperature superconductors as well. For instance, the isothermal magnetization hysteresis loop which comprises of magnetization curves along forward (−Hmax to +Hmax) and reverse (+Hmax to −Hmax) paths define an envelop within which all isothermal magnetization data along different thermomagnetic histories lie. There exist inequality relationship between various field values identified asHpeak,HI,HII etc. in isothermal magnetization hysteresis as well as magnetic relaxation data. The entire field span of an isothermal magnetization hysteresis data set can be considered to comprise of three parts corresponding to (Mrem(H)−MFC(H)+MZFC(H)) being equal to, less than or greater than zero, whereMrem(H) are the remanent magnetization values obtained on reducing field to zero after having the specimen in different applied field (H) values. There are, however some situations amongst thermomagnetic history effects in specimens which show incomplete flux trapping on field cooling, where the critical state model has been found inadequate.

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