• Bedangadas Mohanty

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Photon multiplicity measurements: From SPS to RHIC and LHC

      Bedangadas Mohanty

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      Results from the photon multiplicity measurements using a fine granularity pre-shower photon multiplicity detector (PMD) at CERN SPS are discussed. These include study of pseudorapidity distributions of photons, scaling of photon multiplicity with number of participating nucléons, centrality dependence of 〈pT〉 of photons, event-by-event fluctuations in photon multiplicity and localised charged-neutral fluctuations. Basic features of the PMD to be used in STAR experiment at RHIC and in ALICE experiment at LHC are also discussed.

    • Results from STAR experiment at RHIC

      Bedangadas Mohanty

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      We present some of the important experimental results from nucleus-nucleus collision studies carried out by the STAR experiment at Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). The results suggests that central Au+Au collisions at RHIC has produced a dense and rapidly thermalizing matter with initial energy densities above the critical values predicted by lattice QCD for establishment of a quark-gluon plasma (QGP).

    • Working group report: Quark gluon plasma

      Pradip Roy Bedangadas Mohanty A P Balchandran A Bhattacharyya A K Chaudhuri S Datta S Digal F Flueret S Gupta P Jaikumar S H Lee N Mathur A Mishra A P Mishra H Mishra B Mohanty P Roy P S Somia A M Srivastava

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      The 10th Workshop on High Energy Physics Phenomenology (WHEPP-10) was held at the Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai during January 2–13, 2008. One of our working grops (WG) is QCD and QGP. The discussions of QGP WG include matter at high density, lattice QCD, charmonium states in QGP, viscous hydrodynamics and jet quenching, colour factor in heavy ion collisions and RHIC results on photons, dileptons and heavy quark. There were two plenary talks and several working group talks with intense discussions regarding the future activities that are going to be persued.

    • Transverse momentum spectra of the produced hadrons at SPS energy and a random walk model

      Bedangadas Mohanty

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      The transverse momentum spectra of the produced hadrons have been compared to a model, which is based on the assumption that a nucleus–nucleus collision is a superposition of isotropically decaying thermal sources at a given freeze-out temperature. The freeze-out temperature in nucleus–nucleus collisions is fixed from the inverse slope of the transverse momentum spectra of hadrons in nucleon–nucleon collision. The successive collisions in the nuclear reaction lead to gain in transverse momentum, as the nucleons propagate in the nucleus following a random walk pattern. The average transverse rapidity shift per collision is determined from the nucleon–nucleus collision data. Using this information, we obtain parameter-free result for the transverse momentum distribution of produced hadrons in nucleus–nucleus collisions. It is observed that such a model is able to explain the transverse mass spectra of the produced pions at SPS energies. However, it fails to satisfactorily explain the transverse mass spectra of kaons and protons. This indicates the presence of collective effect which cannot be accounted for, by the initial state collision broadening of transverse momentum of produced hadrons, the basis of random walk model.

    • Net-proton measurements at RHIC and the quantum chromodynamics phase diagram

      Bedangadas Mohanty

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      Two measurements related to the proton and antiproton production near midrapidity in $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 7.7, 11.5, 19.6, 27, 39, 62.4 and 200 GeV Au+Au collisions using the STAR detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) are discussed. At intermediate impact parameters, the net-proton midrapidity d$v_1$/d𝑦, where $v_1$ and 𝑦 are directed flow and rapidity, respectively, shows non-monotonic variation as a function of beam energy. This non-monotonic variation is characterized by the presence of a minimum in d$v_1$/d𝑦 between $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 11.5 and 19.6 GeV and a change in the sign of d$v_1$/d𝑦 twice between $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 7.7 and 39 GeV. At small impact parameters the product of the moments of net-proton distribution, kurtosis × variance ($\kappa \sigma^2$) and skewness × standard deviation ($S\sigma$) are observed to be significantly below the corresponding measurements at large impact parameter collisions for $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 19.6 and 27 GeV. The $\kappa \sigma^2$ and $S\sigma$ values at these beam energies deviate from the expectations from Poisson statistics and that from a hadron resonance gas model. Both these measurements have implications towards understanding the quantum chromodynamics (QCD) phase structures, the first-order phase transition and the critical point in the high baryonic chemical potential region of the phase diagram.

    • Preface

      Bedangadas Mohanty Sourendu Gupta

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