• B Majumdar

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Crystalloluminescence and temporary mechanoluminescence of As2O3 crystals

      B P Chandra P R Tutakne A C Biyani B Majumdar

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      Crystalloluminescence and temporary mechanoluminescence of As2O3 crystals are investigated. The crystalloluminescence spectra are similar to the photoluminescence and mechanoluminescence (of fresh crystals, in CO2 atmosphere) spectra. The mechanoluminescence spectra of freshly grown crystals taken in air consist of the superposition of the photoluminescence and nitrogen emissions. The mechanoluminescence spectra of old crystals of As2O3 consist of only the nitrogen emission. The total number of crystalloluminescence flashes is linearly related to the total mass of the crystals grown. The mechanoluminescence intensity increases with the mass of the crystals. The mechanoluminescence intensity decreases with the age of the crystals and the rate of decrease increases with increasing temperature of the crystals. Different possibilities of crystalloluminescence and mechanoluminescence excitations in As2O3 crystals are explored and it is concluded that crystalloluminescence and mechanoluminescence are of different origins.

    • Tetrahedral manganese (II) complexes—intense and unique type of mechanoluminophores

      B P Chandra M S K Khokhar R S Gupta B Majumdar

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      Intense and unique type of mechanoluminescence (ML) is found in tetrahedral manganese (II) complexes. During the excitation of ML by the impact of a piston onto the crystal, the ML intensity initially increases with time, attains a maximum value and then decreases. After retardation of the piston, the decay rate of ML is faster during crystal deformation; however, its value decreases after cessation of the deformation and becomes equal to the decay rate of phosphorescence. The ML disappears below the melting point. Since the crystals of tetrahedral manganese (II) complexes are centrosymmetric, the local non-centrosymmetric sites near the defects are attributed to be responsible for the mechanoluminescence excitation.

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