• A Bhowal

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Exotic spectra, wavefunctions and transport in incommensurate lattices

      A Lahiri T K Roy A Bhowal

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      We present numerical results on a range of related issues for a number of incommensurate TMB’s, each of which shows a metal-insulator type transition as a binding-to-hopping ratio is made to increase through some limiting value. These supplement a series of similar results on a couple of 1D lattices in a number of recent works (see below). A brief review pertaining to spectral properties and wavefunctions in incommensurate lattices is followed by results on the above TBM’s relating to an interesting correlation between the gross features of wavefunctions and the energies arranged in a particular sequence termed thelattice-ordered sequence, and also between the lattice-ordered energies and the on-site potentials. We present a qualitative explanation of these correlations on the basis of perturbation theory. Basic results on dynamics of wavepackets in relation to spectral characteristics of incommensurate TBM’s are also reviewed. Features of lattice-ordered energies and wavefunctions for the TBM’s under study are used in the framework of the so-called Maryland construction, leading to a qualitative prediction of criteria for recurrent and non-recurrent wavepacket dynamics in these lattices, and these predictions are checked against numerical iterations of the relevant ‘quantum maps’. Closely related to the dynamics of wavepackets are the transport properties of these lattices. Results are available to indicate that the unusual spectral characteristics of pseudorandom lattices lead to novel features in transport properties of these systems. In this context, low temperature a.c conductivity in these lattices is a good probe for the spectral characteristics and wavefunctions. However, not much is known about the a.c conductivity, excepting a set of early results pertaining to the low frequency regime, principally because of the fact that the a.c conductivity depends on global characteristics of the spectrum and the entire set of wavefunctions. We present a simple model whereby the gross structure of variation of the a.c conductivity with frequency can be obtained from a knowledge of the spectrum alone for the set of TMB’s under consideration. Numerical computations show that despite its simplicity, the model leads to results in good agreement with those from the Kubo-Greenwood formula for a.c conductivity.

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