• AKPAN N IKOT

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Thermodynamics properties of diatomic molecules with general molecular potential

      AKPAN N IKOT E O CHUKWUOCHA M C ONYEAJU C A ONATE B I ITA M E UDOH

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      In this paper, the energy spectra of the general molecular potential are obtained using the asymptotic iteration method within the framework of non-relativistic quantum mechanics.With the energy spectrum obtained, the vibrational partition function is calculated in a closed form and is used to obtain an expression for other thermodynamic functions such as vibrational mean energy $U$, vibrational mean free energy $F$, vibrational entropy $S$ and vibrational specific heat capacity $C$. These thermodynamic functions are studied for the electronic state $\rm{X}^{1} \Sigma^{+}_{g}$ of $K_2$ diatomic molecules.

    • Spin and pseudospin symmetries of the Dirac equation for the generalised Morse potential and a class of Yukawa potential

      OBU J ABEBE OKOI P OBETEN UDUAKOBONG S OKORIE AKPAN N IKOT

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      We have studied the bound-state solutions of the spin and pseudospin limits of the Dirac equation with the generalised Morse potential and a class of Yukawa potential using the Nikiforov–Uvarov method and an appropriate approximation scheme. The energy eigenvalues and the corresponding normalised eigenfunction of the non-relativistic limits of the spin symmetry was obtained. By adjusting some potential parameters, six special potentials, namely, the generalised Morse, a class of Yukawa, Hellmann, inversely quadratic Yukawa, Hulthen and Coulomb potentials to which the generalised Morse potential plus a class of Yukawa potential (GMP + CYP) reduces to, were evaluated. The deduced corresponding energies of these special potentials were found to be in excellent agreement with those in the existing literature. We also studied and compared the energy spectra of the GMP + CYP with those of the special potentials with respect to internuclear distance. Moreover, we investigated and compared the behaviour of some selected diatomic molecules, when subjected to the (GMP + CYP) potential. Finally, the expectation values of some useful physical observables were deduced using the Hellmann–Feynman theorem.

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