• A K Nath

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Design considerations and scaling laws for high power convective cooled CW CO2 lasers

      A K Nath V S Golubev

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      Various criteria for designing high power convective cooled CO2 lasers have been discussed. Considering the saturation intensity, optical damage threshold of the optical resonator components and the small-signal gain, the scaling laws for designing high power CW CO2 lasers have been established. In transverse flow CO2 lasers having discharge of square cross-section, the discharge lengthL and its widthW for a specific laser powerP (Watt) and gas flow velocityV (cm/s) can be given byL = 1.4 x 104p1/2V-1 cms andW = 0.04P1/2 cms.

      The optimum transmitivity of the output coupler is found to be almost constant (about 60%), independent of the small signal gain and laser power. In fast axial flow CO2 lasers the gas flow should be divided into several discharge tubes to maintain the flow velocity within sonic limit. The discharge length in this type of laser does not depend explicitly on the laser power, instead it depends on the input power density in the discharge and the gas flow velocity. Various considerations for ensuring better laser beam quality are also discussed.

    • Operational characteristics and power scaling of a transverse flow transversely excited CW CO2 laser

      Jai Khare R Sreedhar C P Paul T Reghu A K Nath

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      Transverse flow transversely excited (TFTE) CO2 lasers are easily scalable to multikilowatt level. The laser power can be scaled up by increasing the volumetric gas flow and discharge volume. It was observed in a TFTE CW CO2 laser having single row of pins as an anode and tubular cathode that the laser power was not increasing when the discharge volume and the gas volumetric flow were increased by increasing the electrode separation keeping the gas flow velocity constant. The discharge voltage too remained almost constant with the change of electrode separation at the same gas flow velocity. This necessitated revision of the scaling laws for designing this type of high power CO2 laser. Experimental results of laser performance for different electrode separations are discussed and the modifications in the scaling laws are presented.

    • Impulse coupling in laser-driven microtargets

      P Bhargava M Kumar H Kumar P Pandit R Pandey A K Nath

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      We have studied about the thrust imparted to targets of different materials by pulsed TEA CO2 laser and chopped CW CO2 laser in air and its dependence on different parameters such as laser intensity and pulse duration. We estimated the impulse-coupling coefficient and compared it with the published results. The mechanism of generation of thrust by laser incident on targets in air is, in effect, combination of those involved in laser ablation in vacuum and laser-induced air detonation.

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