K Kumar
Articles written in Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences
Volume 124 Issue 2 May 2014 pp 205-224
Perturbation of Operators and Approximation of Spectrum
K Kumar M N N Namboodiri S Serra-Capizzano
Let $A(x)$ be a norm continuous family of bounded self-adjoint operators on a separable Hilbert space $\mathbb{H}$ and let $A(x)_n$ be the orthogonal compressions of $A(x)$ to the span of first 𝑛 elements of an orthonormal basis of $\mathbb{H}$. The problem considered here is to approximate the spectrum of $A(x)$ using the sequence of eigenvalues of $A(x)_n$. We show that the bounds of the essential spectrum and the discrete spectral values outside the bounds of essential spectrum of $A(x)$ can be approximated uniformly on all compact subsets by the sequence of eigenvalue functions of $A(x)_n$. The known results, for a bounded self-adjoint operator, are translated into the case of a norm continuous family of operators. Also an attempt is made to predict the existence of spectral gaps that may occur between the bounds of essential spectrum of $A(0)=A$ and study the effect of norm continuous perturbation of operators in the prediction of spectral gaps. As an example, gap issues of some block Toeplitz–Laurent operators are discussed. The pure linear algebraic approach is the main advantage of the results here.
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