• W. M. Goss

      Articles written in Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy

    • No detectable supernova remnant near the pulsar PSR 1930 + 22

      W. M. Goss D. Morris

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      No supernova remnant has been found near the third youngest pulsar PSR 1930+22 down to a -limiting brightness temperature of 1·4 K at 610 MHz. This is 6–8 times less than expected of a typical remnant whose age is that of the pulsar (3·60×104 years).

    • HI absorption observations of two radio sources near the supernova remnant G 127.1 + 0.5

      W. M. Goss J. H. van Gorkom

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      The compact source 0125 + 628 in the centre of the galactic supernova remnant G 127.1 + 0.5 has been re-observed in HI absorption using the Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope (WSRT). The outer arm HI absorption atV = -95km s-1 has been confirmed. The absorption spectrum is similar to that of the nearby extragalactic source 0123 + 633. We discuss the arguments concerning an extragalactic origin of 0125 + 628 and conclude that it is most likely extragalactic and not an SS 433 type object.

    • VLA observations of three M 33 supernova remnants at 20 cm

      W. M. Goss F. Viallefond

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      Three supernova remnants (SNR) have been mapped in the galaxy M33 with the Very Large Array* (VLA) at 20 cm. The angular resolution is ∼1.3 arcsec or ∼4 pc at a distance of 600 kpc and the rms noise is ∼0.04 mJy /beam. One of the radio sources shows evidence for a shell structure with a size of ∼15 pc, confirming the SNR nature of this source. The second object is extended and may well be a thick-shell SNR of size ∼12 pc. The third object is a small, presumably young SNR with a size of ∼4 pc.

    • WSRT observations of radio sources in the galactic plane near l =54°

      T. Velusamy W. M. Goss E. M. Arnal

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      A radio continuum map of a 1°5 X 1°5 region in the galactic plane nearl = 54° is presented at 49 cm with a resolution of 100 arcsec X 200 arcsec. The shell source G 54.4 - 0.3 has the characteristics of a supernova remnant while the second large ring structure G 53.9 + 0.3 is a Hn ring consisting of W 52 and several small-diameter thermal sources. One of the twelve small-diameter sources (G 54.73 + 0.61) has a spectral index⇏ -1.6.

    • Thick radio shell in supernova remnant DA 495 (G 65.7+ 1.2)?

      T. Velusamy R. H. Becker W. M. Goss D. J. Helfand

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      High resolution (11.7 to 64 arcsec) multifrequency radio observations of DA 495 (G 65.7 +1.2) at 20, 49 and 92 cm wavelengths with the VLA, WSRT and OSRT are presented. A map of infrared emission in the surrounding region is also presented. Although the remnant has a minimum near the centre, its brightness distribution does not show limb brightening. Hence it has characteristics of both shell-type SNRs and Crab-type SNR. Alternatively it has an unusually thick shell with inner and outer radii of 125 and 500 arcsec respectively. The volume emissivity within the shell decreases radially outward. Its integrated flux density spectrum is characteristic of a shell-type remnant. The role of the reverse shock in the formation of a thick shell is discussed. The association of the open star cluster NGC6834 with DA 495 is also noted. The parameters of twenty-nine small diameter sources detected around DA 495 are also presented. The radio source 1949 + 291 is associated with an IRAS source. 1948 + 292 may be a Crablike pulsar-driven synchrotron nebula. The radio spectrum of the planetary nebula NGC 6842 is optically thick at 49 cm.

    • New pulsar/supernova remnant associations

      W. M. Goss D. A. Frail J. B. Z. Whiteoak

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    • Deep radio observations of the rich globular clusters Terzan 5 and Liller 1

      A. S. Fruchter W. M. Goss

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      We have obtained deep 6, 20 and 90 cm observation of two of the richest globular clusters in the galaxy, Terzan 5 and Liller 1. In addition to the well known eclipsing pulsar, PSR1744-24A, our 20 cm image of Terzan 5 displays numerous point sources within 30″, or 4 core radii of the cluster center. The density of these objects rises rapidly toward the core, where an elongated region of emission is found. This feature may be due to the presence of a higher density of point sources than can be resolved by the 1″ resolution of our data. Observations at 6 and 90 cm show that the brightest individual sources, as well as the extended emission, possess the steep spectra expected of pulsars. Furthermore, we find that the strength of the sources in the 20 cm image agrees well with the standard pulsar luminosity function. The total luminosity and number of objects observed in Terzan 5 suggest that this cluster may contain 100 pulsars — probably more than any other Galactic cluster. Although we do not resolve individual sources in Liller 1, comparison of our images with other observations suggests that we are again observing the sum of emission from a number of objects. The 90 cm flux densities of Terzan 5 and Liller 1 are 35 and 9 mJy, respectively, implying that a number of bright pulsars in these clusters have been hidden from pulsed searches, perhaps by a combination of dispersion smearing, scattering and doppler broadening.

    • On the origin of the wide HI absorption line towards Sgr A*

      K. S. Dwarakanath W. M. Goss J. H. Zhao C. C. Lang

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      We have imaged a region of ∼ 5′ extent surrounding Sgr A* in the HI 21 cm-line absorption using the Very Large Array. A Gaussian decomposition of the optical depth spectra at positions within ∼ 2′ (∼ 5 pc at 8.5 kpc) of Sgr A* detects a wide line underlying the many narrow absorption lines. The wide line has a mean peak optical depth of 0.32 ± 0.12 centered at a mean velocity of V1sr = −4 ± 15 km s{−1}. The mean full width at half maximum is 119 ± 42 km s−1. Such a wide line is absent in the spectra at positions beyond ∼ 2′ from Sgr A*. The position-velocity diagrams in optical depth reveal that the wide line originates in various components of the circumnuclear disk (radius ∼ 1.3′ ) surrounding Sgr A*. These components contribute to the optical depth of the wide line in different velocity ranges. The position-velocity diagrams do not reveal any diffuse feature which could be attributed to a large number of HI clouds along the line of sight to Sgr A*. Consequently, the wide line has no implications either to a global population of shocked HI clouds in the Galaxy or to the energetics of the interstellar medium as was earlier thought.

    • GMRT and VLA Observations at 49 cm and 20 cm of the HII Region near 𝑙 = 24.8°, 𝑏 = 0.1°

      N. G. Kantharia W. M. Goss D. Anish Roshi Niruj R. Mohan Francois Viallefond

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      We report multi-frequency radio continuum and hydrogen radio recombination line observations of HII regions near 𝑙 = 24.8°, 𝑏 = 0.1° using the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope(GMRT) at 1.28 GHz (𝑛 = 172), 0.61 GHz (𝑛 = 220) and the Very Large Array (VLA) at 1.42 GHz (𝑛 = 166). The region consists of a large number of resolved HII regions and a few compact HII regions as seen in our continuum maps, many of which have associated infrared (IR) point sources. The largest HII region at 𝑙 = 24.8° and 𝑏 = 0.1° is a few arcmins in size and has a shell-type morphology. It is a massive HII region enclosing ∼ 550 M with a linear size of 7 pc and an rms electron density of ∼ 110 cm-3 at a kinematic distance of 6 kpc. The required ionization can be provided by a single star of spectral type O5.5.

      We also report detection of hydrogen recombination lines from the HII region at 𝑙 = 24.8° and 𝑏 = 0.1° at all observed frequencies near 𝑉𝑙𝑠𝑟 = 100 km s-1. We model the observed integrated line flux density as arising in the diffuse HII region and find that the best fitting model has an electron density comparable to that derived from the continuum.We also report detection of hydrogen recombination lines from two other HII regions in the field.

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