• T Sivarani

      Articles written in Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy

    • A Road Map for the Generation of a Near-Infrared Guide Star Catalog for Thirty Meter Telescope Observations

      Smitha Subramanian Annapurni Subramaniam T Sivarani Luc Simard G. C. Anupama Kim Gillies A. N. Ramaprakash B. Eswar Reddy

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      The near-infrared instruments in the upcoming Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT) will be assisted by a multi conjugate Adaptive Optics (AO) system. For the efficient operation of the AO system, during observations, a near-infrared guide star catalog which goes as faint as 22 mag in ${\rm J}_{{\rm Vega}}$ band is essential and such a catalog does not exist. A methodology, based on stellar atmospheric models, to compute the expected near-infrared magnitudes of stellar sources from their optical magnitudes is developed. The method is applied and validated in JHKs bands for a magnitude range of ${\rm J}_{\rm{Vega}}$ 16--22 mag. The methodology is also applied and validated using the reference catalog of PAN STARRS. We verified that the properties of the final PAN STARRS optical catalog will satisfy the requirements of TMT IRGSC and will be one of the potential sources for the generation of the final catalog. In a broader context, this methodology is applicable for the generation of a guide star catalog for any existing/upcoming near-infrared telescopes.

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