Articles written in Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy
Volume 32 Issue 4 December 2011 pp 533-536
Double Relics in the Outskirts of A3376: Accretion Flows Meet Merger Shocks?
Ruta Kale K. S. Dwarakanath Joydeep Bagchi Surajit Paul
The case of spectacular ring-like double radio relics in the merging, rich galaxy cluster A3376 is of great interest to study non-thermal phenomena at cluster outskirts.We present the first low frequency (330 and 150 MHz) images of the double relics using the GMRT. With our GMRT 330 MHz map and the VLA 1400 MHz map (Bagchi
Volume 37 Issue 4 December 2016 Article ID 0031 Review
Clusters of Galaxies and the Cosmic Web with Square Kilometre Array
Ruta Kale K. S. Dwarakanath Dharam Vir Lal Joydeep Bagchi Surajit Paul Siddharth Malu Abhirup Datta Viral Parekh Prateek Sharma Mamta Pandey-Pommier
The intra-cluster and inter-galactic media that pervade the large scale structure of the Universe are known to be magnetized at sub-micro Gauss to micro Gauss levels and to contain cosmic rays. The acceleration of cosmic rays and their evolution along with that of magnetic fields in these media is still not well understood. Diffuse radio sources of synchrotron origin associated with the Intra-Cluster Medium (ICM) such as radio halos, relics and mini-halos are direct probes of the underlying mechanisms of cosmic ray acceleration. Observations with radio telescopes such as the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope, the Very Large Array and the Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope have led to the discoveries of about 80 such sources and allowed detailed studies in the frequency range 0.15–1.4 GHz of a few. These studies have revealed scaling relations between the thermal and non-thermal properties of clusters and favour the role of shocks in the formation of radio relics and of turbulent re-acceleration in the formation of radio halos and mini-halos. The radio halos are known to occur in merging clusters and mini-halos are detected in about half of the cool-core clusters. Due to the limitations of current radio telescopes, low mass galaxy clusters and galaxy groups remain unexplored as they are expected to contain much weaker radio sources. Distinguishing between the primary and the secondary models of cosmic ray acceleration mechanisms requires spectral measurements over a wide range of radio frequencies and with high sensitivity. Simulations have also predicted weak diffuse radio sources associated with filaments connecting galaxy clusters. The Square Kilometre Array (SKA) is a next generation radio telescope that will operate in the frequency range of 0.05–20 GHz with unprecedented sensitivities and resolutions. The expected detection limits of SKA will reveal a few hundred to thousand new radio halos, relics and mini-halos providing the first large and comprehensive samples for their study. The wide frequency coverage along with sensitivity to extended structures will be able to constrain the cosmic ray acceleration mechanisms. The higher frequency (>5 GHz) observations will be able to use the Sunyaev–Zel’dovich effect to probe the ICM pressure in addition to tracers such as lobes of head–tail radio sources. The SKA also opens prospects to detect the ‘off-state’ or the lowest level of radio emission from the ICM predicted by the hadronic models and the turbulent re-acceleration models.
Volume 44 All articles Published: 3 February 2023 Article ID 0009 TECHNICAL REVIEW
Plans for building a prototype SKA regional centre in India
YOGESH WADADEKAR DIPANKAR BHATTACHARYA ABHIRUP DATTA SURAJIT PAUL DIVYA OBEROI
To deliver the full science potential of the square kilometer array (SKA) telescope, several SKA regional centres (SRCs) will be required to be constructed in different SKA member countries around the world. These SRCs will provide high performance compute and storage, for the generation, of advanced science data products from the basic data streams generated by the SKA science data handling and processing system, critically necessary to the success of the key science projects to be carried out by the SKA user community. They will also provide support to astronomers to enable them to carry out analysis on very large SKA datasets. Construction of such large data centre is a technical challenge for all SKA member nations. In such a situation,each country plans to construct a smaller SRC over the next few years (2022 onwards), known as a proto-SRC. In India, we propose to construct a proto-SRC, which will be used for the analysis of data from SKA pathfinders and precursors with strong Indian involvement, such as uGMRT, Meerkat and MWA.We describe our thinking on some aspects of the storage, compute and network of the proto-SRC and how it will be used for data analysis as well as for carrying out various simulations related to SKA key science projects led by Indian astronomers. We also present our thoughts on how the proto-SRC plans to evaluate emerging hardware and software technologies and to also begin software development in areas of relevance to SKA data processing and analysis, such as algorithm implementation, pipeline development and data visualisation software.
Volume 44 All articles Published: 27 April 2023 Article ID 0038 SCIENTIFIC REVIEW
Exploring diffuse radio emission in galaxy clusters and groups with uGMRT and SKA
SURAJIT PAUL RUTA KALE ABHIRUP DATTA ARITRA BASU SHARANYA SUR VIRAL PAREKH PRATEEK GUPTA SWARNA CHATTERJEE SAMEER SALUNKHE ASIF IQBAL MAMTA PANDEY-POMMIER RAMIJ RAJA MAJIDUL RAHAMAN SOMAK RAYCHAUDHURY BIMAN B. NATH SUBHABRATA MAJUMDAR
Diffuse radio emission has been detected in a considerable number of galaxy clusters and groups, revealing the presence of pervasive cosmic magnetic fields, and of relativistic particles in the large scale structure of the Universe. Since the radio emission in galaxy systems is faint and its spectrum is steep, itsobservations are largely limited by the instrument sensitivity and frequency of observation, leading to a dearth of information, more so for lower-mass systems. The recent commissioning or upgrade of several large radio telescope arrays, particularly at the low frequency bands (<GHz) is, therefore, a significant step forward. The unprecedented sensitivity of these new instruments, aided by the development of advanced calibration and imaging techniques, have helped in achieving unparalleled image quality and revolutionised the study of cluster-scale radio emission. At the same time, the development of state-of-the-art numerical simulations and the availability of supercomputing facilities have paved the way for high-resolution numerical modelling of radio emission, and the structure of the cosmic magnetic fields, associated with large-scale structures inthe Universe, leading to predictions matching the capabilities of observational facilities. In view of these rapidly-evolving developments in modeling and observations, in this review, we summarise the role of new telescopearrays and the development of advanced imaging techniques and discuss the range of detections of various kinds of cluster radio sources, both in dedicated surveys as well as in numerous individual studies. We pay specific attention to the kinds of diffuse radio structures that have been able to reveal the underlying physics in recent observations. In particular, we discuss observations of large-scale sections of the cosmic web in the form of supercluster filaments, and studies of emission in low-mass systems, such as poor clusters and groups ofgalaxies, and of ultra-steep spectrum sources, the last two being notably aided by low-frequency observations and high sensitivity of the instruments being developed. We also discuss and review the current theoreticalunderstanding of various diffuse radio sources in clusters and the associated magnetic field and polarisation in view of the current observations and simulations. As the statistics of detections improve along with our theoretical understanding, we update the source classification schemes based on the intrinsic properties of these sources. We conclude by summarising the role of the upgraded GMRT (uGMRT) and our expectations from the upcoming Square Kilometre Array (SKA) observatories.
Volume 44, 2023
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