• SHARMILA RANI

      Articles written in Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy

    • The horizontal branch morphology of the globular cluster NGC 1261 using AstroSat

      SHARMILA RANI GAJENDRA PANDEY ANNAPURNI SUBRAMANIAM SNEHALALA SAHU N. KAMESWARA RAO

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      We present the results obtained from the UV photometry of the globular cluster NGC 1261 using far-UV (FUV) and near-UV (NUV) images acquired with the Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (UVIT) onboard the AstroSat satellite. We utilized the UVIT data combined with HST, GAIA, and ground-based optical photometric data to construct the different UV colour-magnitude diagrams (CMDs). We detected blue HB (BHB), and two extreme HB (EHB) stars in FUV, whereas full HB, i.e., red HB (RHB), BHB as well as EHB is detected in NUV CMDs. The 2 EHB stars, identified in both NUV and FUV, are confirmedmembers of the cluster. The HB stars form a tight sequence in UV-optical CMDs, which is almost aligned with Padova isochrones. This study sheds light on the significance of UV imaging to probe the HB morphology in GCs.

    • UOCS. V. UV study of the old open cluster NGC 188 using AstroSat

      SHARMILA RANI ANNAPURNI SUBRAMANIAM SINDHU PANDEY SNEHALATA SAHU CHAYAN MONDAL GAJENDRA PANDEY

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      We present the UV photometry of the old open cluster NGC188 obtained using images acquired with Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (UVIT) on board the AstroSat satellite, in two far-UV (FUV) and one near-UV (NUV) filters. UVIT data is utilised in combination with optical photometric data to construct the optical and UV colour-magnitude diagrams (CMDs). In the FUV images, we detect only hot and bright blue straggler stars (BSSs), one hot subdwarf, and one white dwarf (WD) candidate. In the NUV images, we detect members up to a faintness limit of $\sim$22 mag including 21 BSSs, 2 yellow straggler stars (YSSs), and one WD candidate. This study presents the first NUV-optical CMDs, and are overlaid with updated BaSTIIAC isochrones and WD cooling sequence, which are found to fit well to the observed CMDs. We use spectral energy distribution (SED) fitting to estimate the effective temperatures, radii, and luminosities of the UV-bright stars. We find the cluster to have an HB population with three stars ($T_{\rm eff}=4750–21000$ K). We also detect two yellow straggler stars, with one of them with UV excess connected to its binarity and X-ray emission.

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