Articles written in Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy
Volume 39 Issue 4 August 2018 Article ID 0040
We calculate the transport coefficients of low-density nuclear matter, especially the nuclear pasta phase, using quantum molecular dynamics simulations. The shear viscosity as well as the thermal and electricalconductivities are determined by calculating the static structure factor of protons for all relevant density, temperature and proton fractions, using simulation data. It is found that all the transport coefficients have similar orders of magnitude as found earlier without considering the pasta phase. Our results are thus in contrast to the common belief that the pasta layer is highly resistive and therefore have important astrophysical consequences.
Volume 39 Issue 4 August 2018 Article ID 0051 Review
BHAL CHANDRA JOSHI PRAKASH ARUMUGASAMY MANJARI BAGCHI DEBADES BANDYOPADHYAY AVISHEK BASU NEELAM DHANDA BATRA SURYARAO BETHAPUDI ARPITA CHOUDHARY KISHALAY DE L. DEY A. GOPAKUMAR Y. GUPTA M. A. KRISHNAKUMAR YOGESH MAAN P. K. MANOHARAN ARUN NAIDU RANA NANDI DHRUV PATHAK MAYURESH SURNIS ABHIMANYU SUSOBHANAN
Radio pulsars show remarkable clock-like stability, which make them useful astronomy tools in experiments to test equation of state of neutron stars and detecting gravitational waves using pulsar timing techniques. A brief review of relevant astrophysical experiments is provided in this paper highlighting thecurrent state-of-the-art of these experiments. A program to monitor frequently glitching pulsars with Indian radio telescopes using high cadence observations is presented, with illustrations of glitches detected in this program, including the largest ever glitch in PSR B0531 $+$ 21. An Indian initiative to discover sub-$\mu$Hz gravitational waves, called Indian Pulsar Timing Array (InPTA), is also described briefly, where time-of-arrival uncertainties and post-fit residuals of the order of $\mu$s are already achievable, comparable to other international pulsar timing array experiments. While timing the glitches and their recoveries are likely to provide constraints on the structure of neutron stars, InPTA will provide upper limits on sub-$\mu$Hz gravitational waves apart from auxiliary pulsarscience. Future directions for these experiments are outlined.
Volume 40 | Issue 5
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