Articles written in Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy

    • Modelling the 21-cm Signal from the Epoch of Reionization and Cosmic Dawn

      T. Roy Choudhury Kanan Datta Suman Majumdar Raghunath Ghara Aseem Paranjape Rajesh Mondal Somnath Bharadwaj Saumyadip Samui

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      Studying the cosmic dawn and the epoch of reionization through the redshifted 21-cm line are among the major science goals of the SKA1. Their significance lies in the fact that they are closely related to the very first stars in the Universe. Interpreting the upcoming data would require detailed modelling of the relevant physical processes. In this article, we focus on the theoretical models of reionization that have been worked out by various groups working in India with the upcoming SKA in mind. These models include purely analytical and semi-numerical calculations as well as fully numerical radiative transfer simulations. The predictions of the 21-cm signal from these models would be useful in constraining the properties of the early galaxies using the SKA data.

    • Line-of-Sight Anisotropies in the Cosmic Dawn and Epoch of Reionization 21-cm Power Spectrum

      Suman Majumdar Kanan K. Datta Raghunath Ghara Rajesh Mondal T. Roy Choudhury Somnath Bharadwaj Sk. Saiyad Ali Abhirup Datta

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      The line-of-sight direction in the redshifted 21-cm signal coming from the cosmic dawn and the epoch of reionization is quite unique in many ways compared to any other cosmological signal. Different unique effects, such as the evolution history of the signal, non-linear peculiar velocities of the matter etc. will imprint their signature along the line-of-sight axis of the observed signal. One of the major goals of the future SKA-LOW radio interferometer is to observe the cosmic dawn and the epoch of reionization through this 21-cm signal. It is thus important to understand how these various effects affect the signal for its actual detection and proper interpretation. For more than one and half decades, various groups in India have been actively trying to understand and quantify the different line-of-sight effects that are present in this signal through analytical models and simulations. In many ways the importance of this sub-field under 21-cm cosmology have been identified, highlighted and pushed forward by the Indian community. In this article, we briefly describe their contribution and implication of these effects in the context of the future surveys of the cosmic dawn and the epoch of reionization that will be conducted by the SKA-LOW.

    • Detecting galaxies in a large Hi spectral cube


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      The upcoming square kilometer array (SKA) is expected to produce humongous amount of data for undertaking Hi science. We have developed an MPI-based Python pipeline to deal with the large data efficiently with the present computational resources. Our pipeline divides such large Hi 21-cm spectral cubes into several small cubelets, and then processes them in parallel using publicly available Hi source finder SoFiA- 2. The pipeline also takes care of sources at the boundaries of the cubelets and also filters out false and redundant detections. By comapring with the true source catalog, we find that the detection efficiency depends on the SoFiA- 2 parameters, such as the smoothing kernel size, linking length and threshold values. We find the optimal kernel size for all flux bins to be between 3–5 and 7–15 pixels, respectively, in the spatial and frequency directions. Comparing the recovered source parameters with the original values, we find that the output of SoFiA- 2 is highly dependent on kernel sizes and a single choice of kernel is not sufficient for all types of Hi galaxies. We also propose the use of alternative methods to SoFiA- 2, which can be used in our pipeline to find sources more robustly.

  • Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy | News

    • Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on January 27, 2016

      Since January 2016, the Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy has moved to Continuous Article Publishing (CAP) mode. This means that each accepted article is being published immediately online with DOI and article citation ID with starting page number 1. Articles are also visible in Web of Science immediately. All these have helped shorten the publication time and have improved the visibility of the articles.

    • Editorial Note on Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on July 25, 2019

      Click here for Editorial Note on CAP Mode

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