• Minfeng Gu

      Articles written in Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy

    • Spectral Variability of FSRQs

      Minfeng Gu Y. L. Ai

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      The optical variability of 29 flat spectrum radio quasars in SDSS Stripe 82 region are investigated by using DR7 released multi-epoch data. All FSRQs show variations with overall amplitude ranging from 0.24 mag to 3.46 mag in different sources. About half of FSRQs show a bluer-when-brighter trend, which is commonly observed for blazars. However, only one source shows a redder-when-brighter trend, which implies it is rare in FSRQs. In this source, the thermal emission may be responsible for the spectral behaviour.

    • The Tilt between Acretion Disk and Stellar Disk

      Shiyin Shen Zhengyi Shao Minfeng Gu

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      The orientations of the accretion disk of active galactic nuclei (AGN) and the stellar disk of its host galaxy are both determined by the angular momentum of their forming gas, but on very different physical environments and spatial scales. Here we show the evidence that the orientation of the stellar disk is correlated with the accretion disk by comparing the inclinations of the stellar disks of a large sample of Type 2 AGNs selected from Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS, York et al. 2000) to a control galaxy sample. Given that the Type 2 AGN fraction is in the range of 70–90 percent for low luminosity AGNs as a priori, we find that the mean tilt between the accretion disk and stellar disk is ∼ 30 degrees (Shen et al. 2010).

    • N(HI) and Jet Power/Emission in AGNs

      Zhongzu Wu Minfeng Gu Ming Zhu

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      Neutral hydrogen (HI) 21-cm absorption has been detected against very powerful radio jets. In this paper, based on Gupta’s sample (Gupta et al. 2006), we present our preliminary study of the correlations between the HI column density N(HI) and the jet power, N(HI) versus the low frequency luminosity at 408 MHz, and N(HI) versus the radio luminosity at 1400 MHz.

    • Arcsecond-Scale Radio Jets of Ultra-High-Energy Synchrotron Peak BL Lacs (UHBLs)

      Zhongzu Wu Shengxu Yang Minfeng Gu

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      We present the arcsecond-scale jet structure and related radio properties for a sample of 9 UHBLs selected from Nieppola et al. (2006) with log(𝑣peak/Hz) > 20. Our preliminary results show that most of the UHBLs have compact structures, and their core dominance parameters are much larger than FR-I radio galaxies, suggesting that beaming may be prevalent in the jets of these sources.

    • What Governs Lorentz Factors of Jet Components in Blazars?

      Xinwu Cao Bo Chai Ming Zhou Minfeng Gu

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      We use a sample of radio-loud Active Galactic Nuclei (AGNs) with measured black hole masses to explore the jet formation mechanisms in these sources. We find a significant correlation between black hole mass and the bulk Lorentz factor of the jet components for this sample, while no significant correlation is present between the bulk Lorentz factor and the Eddington ratio. Recent investigations suggested that the most super-massive black holes in elliptical galaxies have on average higher spins than the black holes in spiral galaxies. The correlation between black hole mass and bulk Lorentz factor of the jet components found in this work implies that the motion velocity of the jet components is probably governed by the black hole spin. The faster moving jets are magnetically accelerated by the magnetic fields threading the horizon of more rapidly rotating black holes.

    • Spectral Variability in Radio-Loud Quasars

      Minfeng Gu

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      The spectral variability of a sample of 44 Flat-Spectrum Radio Quasars (FSRQs) and 18 Steep-Spectrum Radio Quasars (SSRQs) in SDSS stripe 82 region is investigated. Twenty-five of 44 FSRQs show a bluer-when-brighter trend (BWB), while only one FSRQ shows a redder-when-brighter trend, which is in contrast to our previous results. Eight of 18 SSRQs display a BWB. We found an anticorrelation between the Eddington ratio and the variability amplitude in the 𝑟 band for SSRQs, which is similar to that in radio-quiet AGNs. This implies that the thermal emission from the accretion disk may be responsible for the variability in SSRQs. The spectral variability from SDSS multi-epoch spectroscopy also shows BWB for several SSRQs, which is consistent with that from photometry.

    • Spectral Variability of Quasar SDSS J030639.57+000343.1

      Hengxiao Guo Minfeng Gu

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      In a sample of 60 quasars selected from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) with at least six-epoch spectroscopy, we investigated the variability of emission lines and continuum luminosity. In this paper, we present the results of SDSS J030639.57+000343.1. We found a strong anticorrelation between the continuum luminosity at 5100 Å and the spectral index, implying a bluer-when-brighter trend. The luminosity of the broad 𝐻𝛼 line is in proportion to the continuum luminosity at 5100 Å. Correspondingly, we did not find a strong correlation between the equivalent width of broad 𝐻𝛼 and the continuum luminosity, i.e. no Baldwin effect of broad 𝐻𝛼 in this source.

  • Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy | News

    • Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on January 27, 2016

      Since January 2016, the Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy has moved to Continuous Article Publishing (CAP) mode. This means that each accepted article is being published immediately online with DOI and article citation ID with starting page number 1. Articles are also visible in Web of Science immediately. All these have helped shorten the publication time and have improved the visibility of the articles.

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