Articles written in Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy
Volume 37 Issue 4 December 2016 Article ID 0028 Review
The Square Kilometre Array (SKA), when it becomes functional, is expected to enrich Neutron Star (NS) catalogues by at least an order of magnitude over their current state. This includes the discovery of new NS objects leading to better sampling of under-represented NS categories, precision measurements of intrinsic properties such as spin period and magnetic field, as also data on related phenomena such as microstructure, nulling, glitching, etc. This will present a unique opportunity to seek answers to interesting and fundamental questions about the extreme physics underlying these exotic objects in the Universe. In this paper, we first present a meta-analysis (from a methodological viewpoint) of statistical analyses performed using existing NS data, with a two-fold goal. First, this should bring out how statistical models and methods are shaped and dictated by the science problem being addressed. Second, it is hoped that these analyses will provide useful starting points for deeper analyses involving richer data from SKA whenever it becomes available. We also describe a few other areas of NS science which we believe will benefit from SKA which are of interest to the Indian NS community.
Volume 37 Issue 4 December 2016 Article ID 0036 Review
Sushan Konar Manjari Bagchi Debades Bandyopadhyay Sarmistha Banik Dipankar Bhattacharya Sudip Bhattacharyya R. T. Gangadhara A. Gopakumar Yashwant Gupta B. C. Joshi Yogesh Maan Chandreyee Maitra Dipanjan Mukherjee Archana Pai Biswajit Paul Alak K. Ray Firoza K. Sutaria
It is an exceptionally opportune time for astrophysics when a number of next-generation mega-instruments are poised to observe the Universe across the entire electromagnetic spectrum with unprecedented data quality. The Square Kilometre Array (SKA) is undoubtedly one of the major components of this scenario. In particular, the SKA is expected to discover tens of thousands of new neutron stars giving a major fillip to a wide range of scientific investigations. India has a sizeable community of scientists working on different aspects of neutron star physics with immediate access to both the uGMRT (an SKA pathfinder) and the recently launched X-ray observatory Astrosat. The current interests of the community largely centre around studies of (a) the generation of neutron stars and the SNe connection, (b) the neutron star population and evolutionary pathways, (c) the evolution of neutron stars in binaries and the magnetic fields, (d) the neutron star equation of state, (e) the radio pulsar emission mechanism, and (f) the radio pulsars as probes of gravitational physics. Most of these studies are the main goals of the SKA first phase, which is likely to be operational in the next four years. This article summarizes the science goals of the Indian neutron star community in the SKA era, with significant focus on coordinated efforts among the SKA and other existing/upcoming instruments.
Volume 37 Issue 4 December 2016 Article ID 0037 Review
In the rapidly developing field of study of the transient sky,fast radio transients are perhaps the most exciting objects of scrutiny at present. The SKA, with its wide field-of-view and significant improvement in sensitivity over existing facilities, is expected to detect a plethora of fast transients which, in addition to help resolve the mysteries surrounding their nature and origin, will also lead to other interesting applications in astrophysics. We explore some of these possibilities here, and also emphasize the current status and future plans of the Indian communityworking in this area, in the context of ongoing work and extensionof this to the SKA.
Volume 39 Issue 4 August 2018 Article ID 0051 Review
BHAL CHANDRA JOSHI PRAKASH ARUMUGASAMY MANJARI BAGCHI DEBADES BANDYOPADHYAY AVISHEK BASU NEELAM DHANDA BATRA SURYARAO BETHAPUDI ARPITA CHOUDHARY KISHALAY DE L. DEY A. GOPAKUMAR Y. GUPTA M. A. KRISHNAKUMAR YOGESH MAAN P. K. MANOHARAN ARUN NAIDU RANA NANDI DHRUV PATHAK MAYURESH SURNIS ABHIMANYU SUSOBHANAN
Radio pulsars show remarkable clock-like stability, which make them useful astronomy tools in experiments to test equation of state of neutron stars and detecting gravitational waves using pulsar timing techniques. A brief review of relevant astrophysical experiments is provided in this paper highlighting thecurrent state-of-the-art of these experiments. A program to monitor frequently glitching pulsars with Indian radio telescopes using high cadence observations is presented, with illustrations of glitches detected in this program, including the largest ever glitch in PSR B0531 $+$ 21. An Indian initiative to discover sub-$\mu$Hz gravitational waves, called Indian Pulsar Timing Array (InPTA), is also described briefly, where time-of-arrival uncertainties and post-fit residuals of the order of $\mu$s are already achievable, comparable to other international pulsar timing array experiments. While timing the glitches and their recoveries are likely to provide constraints on the structure of neutron stars, InPTA will provide upper limits on sub-$\mu$Hz gravitational waves apart from auxiliary pulsarscience. Future directions for these experiments are outlined.
Volume 40 | Issue 6
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