M. N. Vahia
Articles written in Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy
Volume 15 Issue 1 March 1994 pp 85-94
Observations of enhanced sub-iron (Sc-Cr) to iron abundance ratios in the low energy galactic cosmic rays in Spacelab-3 and their implications
S. Biswas N. Durgaprasad R. K. Singh M. N. Vahia J. S. Yadav A. Dutta J. N. Goswami
The Anuradha cosmic ray experiment in Spacelab-3, flown in the orbit at 350 km with an inclination of 57° for about six days, was used to measure the low energy galactic cosmic ray (GCR) heavy ions using a specially designed CR-39 detector module incorporating the arrival time information of the particles. The abundances of sub-iron (Sc-Cr) and iron particles in the low energy interval of 30–300 MeV/N were determined from the measurements made in four different depths of the CR-39 detector module of 150 layers. From these studies we obtained sub-iron (Sc-Cr) to iron abundance ratios of 0.8 to 1.2 in 30–300 MeV/N energy range. It is found that these ratios are enhanced by a factor of two as compared to interplanetary ratios of about 0.5. It is shown that the enhancement of the ratio inside the earth’s magnetosphere is probably due to the degree of ionization of low energy Sc to Cr and Fe ions in the galactic cosmic rays and to the rigidity filtering effects of the geomagnetic field. Further studies are needed to understand fully the phenomena and their implications.
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