Articles written in Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy

• Early In-orbit Performance of Scanning Sky Monitor Onboard AstroSat

We report the in-orbit performance of Scanning Sky Monitor (SSM) onboard AstroSat. The SSM operates in the energy range 2.5 to 10 keV and scans the sky to detect and locate transient X-ray sources. This information of any interesting phenomenon in the X-ray sky as observed by SSM is provided to the astronomical community for follow-up observations. Following the launch of AstroSat on 28th September, 2015, SSM was commissioned on October 12th, 2015. The first power ON of the instrument was with the standard X-ray source, Crab in the field-of-view. The first orbit data revealed the basic expected performance of one of the detectors of SSM, SSM1. Following this in the subsequent orbits, the other detectors were also powered ON to find them perform in good health. Quick checks of the data from the first few orbits revealed that the instrument performed with the expected angular resolution of 12’ × 2.5 and effective area in the energy range of interest. This paper discusses the instrument aspects along with few on-board results immediately after power ON.

• Study of X-ray transients with Scanning Sky Monitor (SSM) onboard AstroSat

Scanning Sky Monitor (SSM) onboard AstroSat is an X-ray sky monitor in the energy range 2.5–10 keV. SSM scans the sky for X-ray transient sources in this energy range of interest. If an X-ray transient source is detected in outburst by SSM, the information will be provided to the astronomical community for follow-up observations to do a detailed study of the source in various other bands. SSM instrument, since its power-ON in orbit, has observed a number of X-ray sources. This paper discusses observations of few X-ray transients by SSM. The flux reported by SSM for few sources during its Performance Verification phase (PV phase) is studied and the results are discussed.

• AstroSat/SSM data pipeline

The data pipeline at the Payload Operation Centre (POC) of the Scanning Sky Monitor (SSM) onboard AstroSat involves: (i) fetching the Level-0 data from the Indian Space Science Data Centre (ISSDC), (ii) Level-0 to Level-1 data processing followed by Level-2 data generation, and (iii) transfer of theLevel-1 and Level-2 data back to ISSDC for dissemination of the re-packaged Level-2 data products. The major tasks involved in the generation of Level-1 and Level-2 data products are: (a) quality checks; time, alignment corrections, (b) temporal-HK plots generation, and, (c) image processing; light curve generation.The typical turn around time for this fully automated pipeline is about 25 min for one orbit data. In this paper, details of all the stages of this data pipeline are discussed.

• Calibration of Scanning Sky Monitor (SSM) onboard AstroSat

SSM onboard AstroSat is designed to monitor X-ray sky in the energy range 2.5–10 keV to detect and locate X-ray sources in outburst. SSM with its three almost identical 1D-proportional counters mounted on a rotating platform, scans the sky in step and stare mode of operation. It observes the X-ray skyand generates light curves for X-ray sources detected. Here, we discuss the positional calibration to carry out imaging with SSM. Onboard calibration of SSM has been carried out with Crab, the standard X-ray source. SSM observations of Crab are compared with that of MAXI on ISS for cross calibration of the instrument.

• Swift J1753.5-0127: understanding the accretion geometry through frequency-resolved spectroscopy

The black hole binary source Swift J1753.5--0127 remained in outburst for $\sim$12 years from May 2005 to April 2017. For the most part of the outburst, the source remained in the low hard state (LHS) displaying transitions to softer states only towards the end of the outburst for short periods of time. Quasiperiodic oscillations (QPOs) were observed in the power density spectrum (PDS) only during the decay. A soft thermal component was required to model the spectrum in LHS, which does not conform to the generally accepted disc truncation theory. In this work, we attempt to obtain a clearer picture of the accretion disc geometry by studying the QPO variability using frequency-resolved spectroscopy (FRS). We obtain the QPO rms spectrum of the source during the bright-hard state and model it with physical components. We findthat the QPO rms spectrum can be described only by a Comptonization component with no contribution from the thermal disc. This indicates that the variability observed in the PDS originates in the Comptonizationcomponent and the evolution of the QPOs is likely to be a result of localization of the variabilities to different radii of the hot inner flow rather than disc truncation. The minimal variation in disc parameters also points to the existence of a stable disc throughout the outburst.

• # Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy

Volume 43, 2022
All articles
Continuous Article Publishing mode

• # Continuous Article Publication

Posted on January 27, 2016

Since January 2016, the Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy has moved to Continuous Article Publishing (CAP) mode. This means that each accepted article is being published immediately online with DOI and article citation ID with starting page number 1. Articles are also visible in Web of Science immediately. All these have helped shorten the publication time and have improved the visibility of the articles.

• # Editorial Note on Continuous Article Publication

Posted on July 25, 2019