• Liu Zhong-bao

      Articles written in Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy

    • Stellar Spectral Classification with Minimum Within-Class and Maximum Between-Class Scatter Support Vector Machine

      Liu Zhong-Bao

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      Support Vector Machine (SVM) is one of the important stellar spectral classification methods, and it is widely used in practice. But its classification efficiencies cannot be greatly improved because it does not take the class distribution into consideration. In view of this, a modified SVM-named Minimum within-class and Maximum between-class scatter Support Vector Machine (MMSVM) is constructed to deal with the above problem. MMSVM merges the advantages of Fisher’s Discriminant Analysis (FDA) and SVM, and the comparative experiments on the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) show that MMSVM performs better than SVM.

    • Stellar Spectral Classification with Locality Preserving Projections and Support Vector Machine

      Liu Zhong-bao

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      With the help of computer tools and algorithms, automatic stellar spectral classification has become an area of current interest. The process of stellar spectral classification mainly includes two steps: dimension reduction and classification. As a popular dimensionality reduction technique, Principal Component Analysis (PCA) is widely used in stellar spectra classification. Another dimensionality reduction technique, Locality Preserving Projections (LPP) has not been widely used in astronomy. The advantage of LPP is that it can preserve the local structure of the data after dimensionality reduction. In view of this, we investigate how to apply LPP+SVM in classifying the stellar spectral subclasses. In the comparative experiment, the performance of LPP is compared with PCA. The stellar spectral classification process is composed of the following steps. Firstly, PCA and LPP are respectively applied to reduce the dimension of spectra data. Then, Support Vector Machine (SVM) is used to classify the 4 subclasses of K-type and 3 subclasses of F-type spectra from Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). Lastly, the performance of LPP+SVM is compared with that of PCA+SVM in stellar spectral classification, and we found that LPP does better than PCA.

    • Classification of Stellar Spectra with Fuzzy Minimum Within-Class Support Vector Machine

      Liu Zhong-bao Song Wen-ai Zhang Jing Zhao Wen-juan

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      Classification is one of the important tasks in astronomy, especially in spectra analysis. Support Vector Machine (SVM) is a typical classification method, which is widely used in spectra classification. Although it performs well in practice, its classification accuracies can not be greatly improved because of two limitations. One is it does not take the distribution of the classes into consideration. The other is it is sensitive to noise. In order to solve the above problems, inspired by the maximization of the Fisher’s Discriminant Analysis (FDA) and the SVM separability constraints, fuzzy minimum within-class support vector machine (FMWSVM) is proposed in this paper. In FMWSVM, the distribution of the classes is reflected by the within-class scatter in FDA and the fuzzy membership function is introduced to decrease the influence of the noise. The comparative experiments with SVM on the SDSS datasets verify the effectiveness of the proposed classifier FMWSVM.

  • Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy | News

    • Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on January 27, 2016

      Since January 2016, the Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy has moved to Continuous Article Publishing (CAP) mode. This means that each accepted article is being published immediately online with DOI and article citation ID with starting page number 1. Articles are also visible in Web of Science immediately. All these have helped shorten the publication time and have improved the visibility of the articles.

    • Editorial Note on Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on July 25, 2019

      Click here for Editorial Note on CAP Mode

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