• Klaus Wilhelm

      Articles written in Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy

    • Solar Coronal Plumes and the Fast Solar Wind

      Bhola N. Dwivedi Klaus Wilhelm

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      The spectral profiles of the coronal Ne VIII line at 77 nm have different shapes in quiet-Sun regions and Coronal Holes (CHs). A single Gaussian fit of the line profile provides an adequate approximation in quiet-Sun areas, whereas, a strong shoulder on the long-wavelength side is a systematic feature in CHs. Although this has been noticed since 1999, no physical reason for the peculiar shape could be given. In an attempt to identify the cause of this peculiarity, we address three problems that could not be conclusively resolved, in a review article by a study team of the International Space Science Institute (ISSI) (Wilhelm et al. 2011):

      The physical processes operating at the base and inside of plumes, as well as their interaction with the Solar Wind (SW).

      The possible contribution of plume plasma to the fast SW streams.

      The signature of the First-Ionization Potential (FIP) effect between plumes and inter-plume regions (IPRs).

      Before the spectroscopic peculiarities in IPRs and plumes in Polar Coronal Holes (PCHs) can be further investigated with the instrument Solar Ultraviolet Measurements of Emitted Radiation (SUMER) aboard the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO), it is mandatory to summarize the results of the review to place the spectroscopic observations into context. Finally, a plume model is proposed that satisfactorily explains the plasma flows up and down the plume field lines and leads to the shape of the neon line in PCHs.

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