• K. V. K. Iyengar

      Articles written in Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy

    • Near infrared observations of some of the IRC sources

      K. V. K. Iyengar F. Strafella D. Lorenzetti C. B. Cosmovici

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      Using an Infrared photometer with InSb photovoltaic detector at the 182cm Copernicus telescope of the Asiago Observatory, Italy, we have measured theJHKL’ M magnitudes of 12 IRC sources 7 of which are very late type stars with [ICIT -K] greater than 5 magnitudes. These data have been fitted to blackbody distributions to obtain their effective temperatures. The present data, in combination with other available photometric data at longer wavelengths seems to indicate excess emission at 11 μm from sources 10066, 10510 and 10234, and at 19.8 μm from source 20052. The source 60098 shows extreme infrared colours.

    • Far infrared emission from three new planetary nebulae

      K. V. K. Iyengar

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      As dust emission in the far infrared (FIR) is a characteristic property of planetary nebulae we searched the Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) point-source catalogue for confirmatory evidence on the two new possible planetary nebulae S 68 and 248 - 5 identified by Fesen, Gull & Heckathorn (1983) and the high-excitation planetary nebula 76 + 36 detected by Sanduleak (1983). We identify the nebulae 248 - 5 and 76 + 36 with IRAS sources 07404 - 3240 and 17125 + 4919, respectively and have determined their dust temperature, total FIR emission and optical depth. We also set a lower limit ranging in value from 1.2 × 10-6 to 3.7 × 10-5 forMdust/Mbd of the nebula 248 - 5 depending on whether its grain material is silicate or graphite. S 68 could not be identified with an IRAS source.

    • Is IRAS 03134 + 5958 a Herbig-Haro object?

      K. V. K. Iyengar T. N. Rengarajan

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      The source IRAS 03134 + 5958 identified by Iyengar & Verma (1984) on the Palomar Observatory Sky Survey (POSS) prints with a nonstellar optical object with [P – R]≃ 5.3 ± 1.5 is near the edge of Lynds dark cloud No. 1384 and is either embedded in or behind the cloud. The galactic latitude of this source (bII = 2‡.3), its positionvis-a-vis the Lynds dark cloud, its nonstellar appearance, high [P – R] colour and its far-infrared spectrum, all suggest the possibility of its being a Herbig-Haro (HH) object. To test this possibility we undertook measurements of its proper motion and variability (two of the characteristic properties of HH objects). These yield μa = (3.6 ± 2.3) arcsec/century and μδ= (−1.2 ± 2.0) arcsec/century for its proper motion. The source reveals large variation in brightness between 1950 and 1954. Optical line studies of the source are required to confirm its classification as an HH object.

    • Global properties of star formation in spiral galaxies

      T. N. Rengarajan K. V. K. Iyengar

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      Samples of spiral galaxies from two catalogues of 21 cm line observations and a catalogue of near-infrared observations of nearby galaxies have been used in conjunction with Infrared Astronomical Satellite data to study correlations involving MG, the dynamic mass of the galaxies, the luminosities in theH band (1.6Μm), the blue band and the far infrared bands and the mass of atomic hydrogen, it is found that both the blue and the far-IR luminosities which are indicators of star formation averaged over ∼3 × l09 and ∼107 years respectively, have a linear dependence onMG On the other hand, theH luminosity which is a measure of star formation averaged over the lifetime of galaxies, has a steeper power law dependence onMG. The correlations observed do not have significant dependence on the morophological type of the galaxies There is a poor correlation between the far-infrared luminosity and the mass of atomic hydrogen. The mass of atomic hydrogen has a dependence of the formMG. Because of the decrease in the mean mass for later morphological types and due to differences in power law dependences of luminosities in different bands onMG, the mean value of luminosity-to-mass ratio is a constant for blue and far-IR bands, decreases for theH band and the gas-to-mass ratio increases as morphological type increases.

    • Simultaneous infrared and H-alpha measurements of Be stars

      Krishna M. V. Apparao S. P. Tarafdar R. P. Verma K. V. K. Iyengar K. K. Ghosh

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      The observed infrared excess in Be stars is usually interpreted as free-free and free-bound emission from a hot gas envelope around the Be star. This hot gas should also emit H-alpha line radiation. Earlier observations had suggested that the infrared excess and Hα radiation were not consistent with models in which they arise from the same ionized region; however the observations were made at different times. We have made simultaneous observation of infrared and H-alpha line radiation. Our observations imply that either both these radiations cannot arise from the same hot gas or additional processes have to be invoked to account for the observed excess infrared radiation.

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    • Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on January 27, 2016

      Since January 2016, the Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy has moved to Continuous Article Publishing (CAP) mode. This means that each accepted article is being published immediately online with DOI and article citation ID with starting page number 1. Articles are also visible in Web of Science immediately. All these have helped shorten the publication time and have improved the visibility of the articles.

    • Editorial Note on Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on July 25, 2019

      Click here for Editorial Note on CAP Mode

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