• David L. Lambert

      Articles written in Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy

    • Alpha Cygni as a radial-velocity variable

      M. Parthasarathy David L. Lambert

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      One hundred and twentythree radial velocities for α Cyg are derived between December 1977 and October 1982. These photospheric velocities are derived from NI lines near 8700 å. Semiregular variations in radial velocities are present with periods of 7 to 20 days. The range of variation of 14.3 kms−1 observed in the present radial velocities of α Cyg is close to the sum of the amplitudes (10.44 kms−1) of all the pulsation periods from 7 to 101 days (Lucy 1976a) and is also approximately equal to micro and macro-turbulent velocities.

    • Chemical evolution of the galaxy: Abundances of the light elements (sodium to calcium)

      David L. Lambert

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      The abundances of the light (Na to Ca) elements in disc and halo stars are reviewed. New analyses are emphasized. Elements considered are the α-nuclei (Mg, Si, and Ca), and the odd-even nuclei (Na and Al, also25Mg and26Mg).

      The α-nuclei are overabundant (relative to Fe) in the old disc and halo stars. Halo stars ([Fe/H] < —1.2) have [α/Fe] ∼0.3 with extreme halo ([Fe/H] ≲ −2.0) stars showing possibly higher overabundances. The scatter in [α/Fe] at a given [Fe/H] is small. To within the observational errors, the abundance patterns for Mg, Si, and Ca are identical.

      For disc stars, the Na and Al abundances relative to Mg are almost independent of the [Fe/H]. Halo stars ([Fe/H] < −1) show [Na/Mg] < 0 and [AI/Mg] < 0, but the form of the mean relation and the scatter about the relation between [odd-even/Mg] and [Fe/H] remains uncertain.

    • High resolution spectroscopy of R Coronae Borealis during the 1988— 1989 minimum

      David L. Lambert N. Kameswara Rao Sunetra Giridhar

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      Moderate-resolution spectra of the C2 Swan 0-1 bandhead, the Na I D lines and the KI resonance lines near 7660 Å obtained at minimum light during the 1988–1989 decline of R CrB are discussed and interpreted in terms of a popular model for R CrB declines. High-resolution spectra obtained at maximum light show blue-shifted chromospheric emission in the cores of the Na I D and the Sc π 4246.8 Å lines

    • High resolution spectroscopy of the semi-regular variable LR Sco

      Sunetra Giridhar N. Kameswara Rao David L. Lambert

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      A detailed spectroscopic investigation of LR Sco which was earlier misclassified as R CrB star is made. Atmospheric parameters and elemental abundances are determined using detailed depth-dependent model atmospheres and line synthesis technique. Most of the elements show near solar abundances.

      The strength of circumstellar components seen in Na D lines are used to derive the mass loss rate. Another independent estimate of mass loss rate is made using the observed infrared flux from 1–100Μm. These two approaches lead to nearly the same value of mass loss rate whenMvis assumed to be – 4.5 for this star.

    • The R Coronae Borealis stars — A few mere facts

      David L. Lambert N. Kameswara Rao

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      This review presents a selection of recent highlights of observations of R Coronae Borealis variables. Emphasis is placed on an abundance analysis of a complete sample (18 stars) of the warm galactic RCBs. It is shown that 14 of the 18 have very similar compositions: the iron mass fraction ranges about a factor of 3 around the solar value (assuming C/He = 3%) but abundance ratios X/Fe for elements from Na to Ba show little variation. By contrast, the other 4 stars are deficient in iron but not in Na, Si, S and some other elements. With for example, [Si/Fe] ≃ 2, the quartet is indeed ‘peculiar’. One of the quartet, V854 Cen shows depletions of elements (other than CNO) similar to the depletions seen in interstellar medium corresponding to average logn(Htot) = − 1.5. Scenarios for creating RCB from normal single and double stars are summarised.

    • Spectral variations of DY Cen

      Sunetra Giridhar N. Kameswara Rao David L. Lambert

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      Two high resolution spectra of the hot RCrB star DY Cen in the red region are compared. The photospheric absorption lines show a radial velocity variation of 12 kms-1 between 1989 July and 1992 May. Emission components to some CII lines present in 1989 are almost entirely absent in 1992. Nebular forbidden lines of [OI], [NII] and [SII] appear unchanged from 1989 to 1992

  • Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy | News

    • Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on January 27, 2016

      Since January 2016, the Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy has moved to Continuous Article Publishing (CAP) mode. This means that each accepted article is being published immediately online with DOI and article citation ID with starting page number 1. Articles are also visible in Web of Science immediately. All these have helped shorten the publication time and have improved the visibility of the articles.

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