• David L. Lambert

Articles written in Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy

• Alpha Cygni as a radial-velocity variable

One hundred and twentythree radial velocities for α Cyg are derived between December 1977 and October 1982. These photospheric velocities are derived from NI lines near 8700 å. Semiregular variations in radial velocities are present with periods of 7 to 20 days. The range of variation of 14.3 kms−1 observed in the present radial velocities of α Cyg is close to the sum of the amplitudes (10.44 kms−1) of all the pulsation periods from 7 to 101 days (Lucy 1976a) and is also approximately equal to micro and macro-turbulent velocities.

• Chemical evolution of the galaxy: Abundances of the light elements (sodium to calcium)

The abundances of the light (Na to Ca) elements in disc and halo stars are reviewed. New analyses are emphasized. Elements considered are the α-nuclei (Mg, Si, and Ca), and the odd-even nuclei (Na and Al, also25Mg and26Mg).

The α-nuclei are overabundant (relative to Fe) in the old disc and halo stars. Halo stars ([Fe/H] &lt; —1.2) have [α/Fe] ∼0.3 with extreme halo ([Fe/H] ≲ −2.0) stars showing possibly higher overabundances. The scatter in [α/Fe] at a given [Fe/H] is small. To within the observational errors, the abundance patterns for Mg, Si, and Ca are identical.

For disc stars, the Na and Al abundances relative to Mg are almost independent of the [Fe/H]. Halo stars ([Fe/H] &lt; −1) show [Na/Mg] &lt; 0 and [AI/Mg] &lt; 0, but the form of the mean relation and the scatter about the relation between [odd-even/Mg] and [Fe/H] remains uncertain.

• High resolution spectroscopy of R Coronae Borealis during the 1988— 1989 minimum

Moderate-resolution spectra of the C2 Swan 0-1 bandhead, the Na I D lines and the KI resonance lines near 7660 Å obtained at minimum light during the 1988–1989 decline of R CrB are discussed and interpreted in terms of a popular model for R CrB declines. High-resolution spectra obtained at maximum light show blue-shifted chromospheric emission in the cores of the Na I D and the Sc π 4246.8 Å lines

• High resolution spectroscopy of the semi-regular variable LR Sco

A detailed spectroscopic investigation of LR Sco which was earlier misclassified as R CrB star is made. Atmospheric parameters and elemental abundances are determined using detailed depth-dependent model atmospheres and line synthesis technique. Most of the elements show near solar abundances.

The strength of circumstellar components seen in Na D lines are used to derive the mass loss rate. Another independent estimate of mass loss rate is made using the observed infrared flux from 1–100Μm. These two approaches lead to nearly the same value of mass loss rate whenMvis assumed to be – 4.5 for this star.

• The R Coronae Borealis stars — A few mere facts

This review presents a selection of recent highlights of observations of R Coronae Borealis variables. Emphasis is placed on an abundance analysis of a complete sample (18 stars) of the warm galactic RCBs. It is shown that 14 of the 18 have very similar compositions: the iron mass fraction ranges about a factor of 3 around the solar value (assuming C/He = 3%) but abundance ratios X/Fe for elements from Na to Ba show little variation. By contrast, the other 4 stars are deficient in iron but not in Na, Si, S and some other elements. With for example, [Si/Fe] ≃ 2, the quartet is indeed ‘peculiar’. One of the quartet, V854 Cen shows depletions of elements (other than CNO) similar to the depletions seen in interstellar medium corresponding to average logn(Htot) = − 1.5. Scenarios for creating RCB from normal single and double stars are summarised.

• Spectral variations of DY Cen

Two high resolution spectra of the hot RCrB star DY Cen in the red region are compared. The photospheric absorption lines show a radial velocity variation of 12 kms-1 between 1989 July and 1992 May. Emission components to some CII lines present in 1989 are almost entirely absent in 1992. Nebular forbidden lines of [OI], [NII] and [SII] appear unchanged from 1989 to 1992

• Galactic chemical evolution and chemical tagging with open clusters

The article presents the consolidated results drawn from the chemical composition studies of Reddy et al. (2012, 2013, 2015, 2016) and Reddy & Lambert (2019), who through the high-dispersion echelle spectra ($R = 60000$) of red giant members in a large sample of Galactic open clusters (OCs), derived stellar parameters and chemical abundances for 24 elements by either line equivalent widths or synthetic spectrum analyses. The focus of this article is on the issues with radial-metallicity distribution and the potential chemical tags offered by OCs. Results of these studies confirm the lack of an age–metallicity relation for OCs but argue that such a lack of trend for OCs arise from the limited coverage in metallicity compared to that of field stars which span a wide range in metallicity and age. Results demonstrate that the sample of clusters constituting a steep radial metallicity gradient of slope $-0.052 \pm 0.011$ dex kpc$^{-1}$ at $R_{\rm gc}$ < 12 kpc are younger than 1.5 Gyr and located close to the Galactic midplane ($|z|$ < 0.5 kpc). Whereas the clusters describing a shallow slope of $-0.015 \pm 0.007$ dex kpc$^{1}$ at $R_{\rm gc}$ > 12 kpc are relatively old with a striking spread in age and height above the midplane (0.5 < $|z|$ < 2.5 kpc). Results of these studies reveal that OCs and field stars yield consistent radial metallicity gradients if the comparison is limited to samples drawn from the similar vertical heights. The computation of Galactic orbits reveals that the outer disk OCs were actually born inward of 12 kpc but the orbital eccentricity has taken them to present locations very far from their birthplaces. Published results for OCs show that the abundances of the heavy elements La, Ce, Nd and Sm but not so obviously Y and Eu vary from one cluster to another across a sample all having about the solar metallicity. For La, Ce, Nd and Sm the amplitudes of the variations at solar metallicity scale approximately with the main s-process contribution to solar system material. Consideration of published abundances of field stars suggest that such a spread in heavy element abundances is present for the thin and thick disk stars of different metallicity. This result provides an opportunity to chemically tag stars by their heavy elements and to reconstruct dissolved open clusters from the field star population.

• Fluorine detection in hot extreme helium stars

The origin and evolution of hydrogen-deficient stars are not yet adequately understood. Their chemical peculiarities, along with hydrogen-deficiency, makes them stand out from the rest and sheds light on their possible origin. Severe fluorine enrichment (of the order of 800–8000) is one such characteristicfeature of a class of hydrogen deficient stars, mainly the RCBs (R Coronae Borealis stars) and cool EHes (Extreme Helium stars) which enforces their close connection. For hot EHes, this relationship with the cooler EHes, based on their fluorine abundance is unexplored. Here, first estimates of fluorine abundances in hot EHes are presented and discussed in the light of their cooler counterparts to try to establish an evolutionary connection. The relation between these fluorine estimates with the other elemental abundances observed in these stars plays a pivotal role to predict the formation and evolution of these exotic stars.

• # Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy

Volume 43, 2022
All articles
Continuous Article Publishing mode

• # Continuous Article Publication

Posted on January 27, 2016

Since January 2016, the Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy has moved to Continuous Article Publishing (CAP) mode. This means that each accepted article is being published immediately online with DOI and article citation ID with starting page number 1. Articles are also visible in Web of Science immediately. All these have helped shorten the publication time and have improved the visibility of the articles.

• # Editorial Note on Continuous Article Publication

Posted on July 25, 2019

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