Articles written in Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy
Volume 44 All articles Published: 9 February 2023 Article ID 0011 TECHNICAL REVIEW
High-performance computing for SKA transient search: Use of FPGA-based accelerators
R. AAFREEN R. ABHISHEK B. AJITHKUMAR ARUNKUMAR M. VAIDYANATHAN INDRAJIT V. BARVE SAHANA BHATTRAMAKKI SHASHANK BHAT B. S. GIRISH ATUL GHALAME Y. GUPTA HARSHAL G. HAYATNAGARKAR P. A. KAMINI A. KARASTERGIOU L. LEVIN S. MADHAVI M. MEKHALA M. MICKALIGER5 V. MUGUNDHAN ARUN NAIDU J. OPPERMANN B. ARUL PANDIAN N. PATRA A. RAGHUNATHAN JAYANTA ROY SHIV SETHI B. SHAW K. SHERWIN O. SINNEN S. K. SINHA K. S. SRIVANI B. STAPPERS C. R. SUBRAHMANYA THIAGARAJ PRABU C. VINUTHA Y. G. WADADEKAR HAOMIAO WANG C. WILLIAMS
This paper presents high-performance computing efforts with FPGA for the accelerated pulsar/transient search for the square kilometre array (SKA). Case studies are presented from within SKA and pathfinder telescopes highlighting future opportunities. It reviews the scenario that has shifted from offline processing of the radio telescope data to digitizing several hundreds/thousands of antenna outputs over huge bandwidths, forming several hundreds of beams, and processing the data in the SKA real-time pulsar search pipelines. A briefaccount of the different architectures of the accelerators, primarily, the new generation field programmable gate array-based accelerators, showing their critical roles to achieve high-performance computing and in handlingthe enormous data volume problems of the SKA is presented here. It also presents power-performance efficiency of this emerging technology and presents potential future scenarios.
Volume 44 All articles Published: 31 March 2023 Article ID 0028 TECHNICAL REVIEW
Progression of digital-receiver architecture: From MWA to SKA1-Low, and beyond
B. S. GIRISH S. HARSHAVARDHAN REDDY SHIV SETHI K. S. SRIVANI R. ABHISHEK B. AJITHKUMAR SAHANA BHATTRAMAKKI KAUSHAL BUCH SANDEEP CHAUDHURI YASHWANT GUPTA P. A. KAMINI SANJAY KUDALE S. MADHAVI MEKHALA MULEY T. PRABU AGARAM RAGHUNATHAN G. J. SHELTON
Backed by advances in digital electronics, signal processing, computation and storage technologies, aperture arrays, which had strongly influenced the design of telescopes in the early years of radio astronomy, havemade a comeback. Amid all these developments, an international effort to design and build the world’s largest radio telescope, the Square Kilometre Array (SKA), is ongoing. With its vast collecting area of 1 km$^2$, the SKA is envisaged to provide unsurpassed sensitivity and leverage technological advances to implement a complex receiver to provide a large field of view through multiple beams on the sky. Many pathfinders and precursor aperture array telescopes for the SKA, operating in the frequency range of 10–300 MHz, have been constructed and operationalized to obtain valuable feedback on scientific, instrumental and functional aspects. This review article looks explicitly into the progression of digital-receiver architecture from the Murchison Widefield Array(precursor) to the SKA1-Low. It highlights the technological advances in analog-to-digital converters (ADCs), field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) and central processing unit–graphics processing unit (CPU–GPU) hybrid platforms around which complex digital signal processing systems implement efficient channelizers, beamformers and correlators. The article concludes with a preview of the design of a new generation signal processing platform based on radio frequency system-on-chip (RFSoC).
Volume 44 All articles Published: 25 April 2023 Article ID 0037 TECHNICAL REVIEW
Real-time RFI filtering for uGMRT: Overview of the released system and relevance to the SKA
KAUSHAL D. BUCH RUTA KALE MEKHALA MULEY SANJAY KUDALE B. AJITHKUMAR
Radio Frequency Interference (RFI) of impulsive nature is created by sources like sparking on high-power transmission lines due to gap or corona discharge and automobile sparking, and it affects the entire observing frequency bands of low-frequency radio telescopes. Such RFI is a significant problem at theUpgraded Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (uGMRT). A real-time RFI filtering scheme has been developed and implemented to mitigate the effect on astronomical observations. The scheme works in real-time on precorrelationdata from each antenna and allows the detection of RFI based on median absolute deviation statistics. The samples are identified as RFI-based on user-defined thresholds and are replaced by digital noise, a constant or zeros. We review the testing and implementation of this system at the uGMRT. We illustrate the effectiveness of the filtering for continuum, spectral line and time-domain data. The real-time filter is released for regular observations in the bands falling in 250–1450 MHz, and recent observing cycles show growing usage. Further,we explain the relevance of the released system to the Square Kilometer Array (SKA) receiver chain and possible ways of implementation to meet the computational requirements.
Volume 44, 2023
Continuous Article Publishing mode
Since January 2016, the Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy has moved to Continuous Article Publishing (CAP) mode. This means that each accepted article is being published immediately online with DOI and article citation ID with starting page number 1. Articles are also visible in Web of Science immediately. All these have helped shorten the publication time and have improved the visibility of the articles.
Click here for Editorial Note on CAP Mode