• A. VIBHUTE

      Articles written in Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy

    • The Cadmium Zinc Telluride Imager on AstroSat

      V. Bhalerao D. Bhattacharya A. Vibhute P. Pawar A. R. Rao M. K. Hingar Rakesh Khanna A. P. K. Kutty J. P. Malkar M. H. Patil Y. K. Arora S. Sinha P. Priya Essy Samuel S. Sreekumar P. Vinod N. P. S. Mithun S. V. Vadawale N. Vagshette K. H. Navalgund K. S. Sarma R. Pandiyan S. Seetha K. Subbarao

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      The Cadmium Zinc Telluride Imager (CZTI) is a high energy, wide-field imaging instrument on AstroSat. CZTI’s namesake Cadmium Zinc Telluride detectors cover an energy range from 20 keV to >200 keV, with 11% energy resolution at 60 keV. The coded aperture mask attains an angular resolution of 17′ over a 4.6× 4.6 (FWHM) field-of-view. CZTI functions as an open detector above 100 keV, continuously sensitive to GRBs and other transients in about 30% of the sky. The pixellated detectors are sensitive to polarization above ∼100 keV, with exciting possibilities for polarization studies of transients and bright persistent sources. In this paper, we provide details of the complete CZTI instrument, detectors, coded aperture mask, mechanical and electronic configuration, as well as data and products.

    • A generalized event selection algorithm for AstroSat CZT imager data

      A. RATHEESH A. R. RAO N. P. S. MITHUN S. V. VADAWALE A. VIBHUTE D. BHATTACHARYA P. PRADEEP S. SREEKUMAR V. BHALERAO

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      The Cadmium–Zinc–Telluride (CZT) Imager on board AstroSat is a hard X-ray imaging spectrometer operating in the energy range of 20–100 keV. It also acts as an open hard X-ray monitor above 100 keV capable of detecting transient events like the Gamma-ray Bursts (GRBs). Additionally, the instrument has thesensitivity to measure hard X-ray polarization in the energy range of 100–400 keV for bright on-axis sources like Crab and Cygnus X-1 and bright GRBs. As hard X-ray instruments like CZTI are sensitive to cosmic rays in addition to X-rays, it is required to identify and remove particle induced or other noise events and select events for scientific analysis of the data. The present CZTI data analysis pipeline includes algorithms for such event selection, but they have certain limitations. They were primarily designed for the analysis of data from persistent X-ray sources where the source flux is much less than the background and thus are not best suited for sources like GRBs. Here, we re-examine the characteristics of noise events in CZTI and present a generalized event selectionmethod that caters to the analysis of data for all types of sources. The efficacy of the new method is reviewed by examining the Poissonian behavior of the selected events and the signal to noise ratio for GRBs.

    • AstroSat-CZTI as a hard X-ray pulsar monitor

      K. G. ANUSREE D. BHATTACHARYA A. R. RAO S. VADAWALE V. BHALERAO A. VIBHUTE

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      The Cadmium–Zinc–Telluride Imager (CZTI) is an imaging instrument onboard AstroSat. This instrument operates as a nearly open all-sky detector above 60 keV, making possible long integrations irrespective of the spacecraft pointing. We present a technique based on the AstroSat-CZTI data to explore the hard $\gamma$-ray characteristics of the c-ray pulsar population. We report highly significant ($\sim$30$\sigma$) detection of hard X-ray (60–380 keV) pulse profile of the Crab pulsar using $\sim$5000 ks of CZTI observations within 5 to 70$^{\circ}$ of Crab position in the sky, using a custom algorithm developed by us. Using Crab as our test source, we estimate the off-axis sensitivity of the instrument and establish AstroSat-CZTI as a prospective tool in investigating hard X-ray characteristics of c-ray pulsars as faint as 10 mCrab.

    • Characterisation of cosmic ray induced noise events in AstroSat-CZT imager

      D. PAUL A. R. RAO A. RATHEESH N. P. S. MITHUN S. V. VADAWALE A. VIBHUTE D. BHATTACHARYA P. PRADEEP S. SREEKUMAR

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      The Cadmium Zinc Telluride (CZT) Imager onboard AstroSat consists of pixelated CZT detectors, which are sensitive to hard X-rays above 20 keV. The individual pixels are triggered by ionising events occurring in them, and the detectors operate in a self-triggered mode, recording each event separatelywith information about its time of incidence, detector co-ordinates, and channel that scales with the amount of ionisation. The detectors are sensitive not only to photons from astrophysical sources of interest, but also prone to a number of other events like background X-rays, cosmic rays, and noise in detectors or theelectronics. In this work, a detailed analysis of the effect of cosmic rays on the detectors is made and it is found that cosmic rays can trigger multiple events which are closely packed in time (called ‘bunches’). Higher energy cosmic rays, however, can also generate delayed emissions, a signature previously seen in the PICsIT detector on-board INTEGRAL. An algorithm to automatically detect them based on their spatial clustering properties is presented. Residual noise events are examined using examples of Gamma Ray Bursts as target sources.

    • The search for fast transients with CZTI

      Y. SHARMA A. MARATHE V. BHALERAO V. SHENOY G. WARATKAR D. NADELLA P. PAGE P. HEBBAR A. VIBHUTE D. BHATTACHARYA A. R. RAO S. VADAWALE

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      The Cadmium–Zinc–Telluride Imager on AstroSat has proven to be a very effective All-Sky monitor in the hard X-ray regime, detecting over three hundred GRBs and putting highly competitive upper limits on X-ray emissions from gravitational wave sources and fast radio bursts. We present the algorithmsused for searching for such transient sources in CZTI data, and for calculating upper limits in case of nondetections. We introduce CIFT: the CZTI Interface for Fast Transients, a framework used to streamline these processes. We present details of 87 new GRBs detected by this framework that were previously not detected in CZTI.

  • Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy | News

    • Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on January 27, 2016

      Since January 2016, the Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy has moved to Continuous Article Publishing (CAP) mode. This means that each accepted article is being published immediately online with DOI and article citation ID with starting page number 1. Articles are also visible in Web of Science immediately. All these have helped shorten the publication time and have improved the visibility of the articles.

    • Editorial Note on Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on July 25, 2019

      Click here for Editorial Note on CAP Mode

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