Articles written in Journal of Genetics
Volume 96 Issue 6 December 2017 pp 941-950 RESEARCH ARTICLE
The biological functions of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), which play an important role in regulating development and gene expression, may be affected by variations in lncRNA gene loci or associated genomic sequences. However, the functions of many lncRNAs remain unknown. To analyse correlations between mutations in pouMU1 with chicken growth and carcass traits, 860 chickens from a Gushi×Anka F2 resource population and 96 Lushi, Xichuan, Changshun and recessive white chickens were used to evaluate the genetic effect of the pouMU1 gene. We performed quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) to analyse the relative expression levels of pouMU1 in nine different tissues and stages of development. pouMU1 expression was highest in pectoralis and leg muscles, whereas no expression was observed in the heart, liver and abdominal fat. Using direct sequencing and polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) methods, two novel sequence mutations(g.1198A>G and g.1238-1239del/insGA) were detected in the pouMU1 gene. SPSS software was used for statistical analysis in association studies. Based on the association data, the presence of both variants was significantly associated with leg muscle fibre width and leg muscle fibre roundness (P < 0.05) and highly associated with leg muscle fibre girth and body weight at 0 week of age (P < 0.01). These data suggest that pouMU1 might participate in regulating chicken muscle development and growth, and the findings offer new insight into the functions of sequence mutations in lncRNAs.
Volume 97 Issue 1 March 2018 pp 145-155 RESEARCH ARTICLE
The cathepsin E-A-like, also known as ‘similar to nothepsin’, is a new member of the aspartic protease family, which may take part in processing of egg yolk macromolecules, due to it was identified in the chicken egg-yolk. Previously, studies have suggested that the expression of cathepsin E-A-like increased gradually during sexual maturation of pullets, but the exact regulation mechanism is poorly understood. In this study, to gain insight into the function and regulation mechanism of the gene in egg-laying hen, we cloned the cathepsin E-A-like gene and evaluated its evolutionary origin by using both phylogenetic and syntenic methods. The mode of the gene expression regulation was analysed through stimulating juvenile hens with 17 β-estradiol and chicken embryo hepatocytes with 17 β-estradiol combined with oestrogen receptor antagonists including MPP, ICI 182,780 and tamoxifen. Our results showed that cathepsin E-A-like was an orthologoues gene with nothepsin, which is present in birds but not in mammals. The expression of cathepsin E-A-like significantly increased in a dose-dependent manner after the juvenile hens were treated with 17 β- estradiol (P<0.05). Compared with the 17 β-estradiol treatment group, the expression of cathepsin E-A-like was not significantly changed when the hepatocytes were treated with 17 β-estradiol combined with MPP (P < 0.05). In contrast, compared with the 17 β-estradiol combined with MPP treatment group, the expression of cathepsin E-A-like was significantly downregulated when the hepatocytes were treated with 17 β-estradiol combined with tamoxifen or ICI 182,780 (P < 0.05). These results demonstrated that cathepsin E-A-like shared the same evolutionary origin with nothepsin. The expression of cathepsin E-A-like was regulated by oestrogen, and the regulative effect was predominantly mediated through ER-β in liver of chicken
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