• Ying Cao

      Articles written in Journal of Genetics

    • Karyotype of asparagus by physical mapping of 45S and 5S rDNA by FISH

      Chuan-Liang Deng Rui-Yun Qin Ning-Na Wang Ying Cao Jun Gao Wu-Jun Gao Long-Dou Lu

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    • Rapid cloning and bioinformatic analysis of spinach Y chromosome-specific EST sequences

      Chuan-Liang Deng Wei-Li Zhang Ying Cao Shao-Jing Wang Shu-Fen Li Wu-Jun Gao Long-Dou Lu

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      The genome of spinach single chromosome complement is about 1000 Mbp, which is the model material to study the molecular mechanisms of plant sex differentiation. The cytological study showed that the biggest spinach chromosome (chromosome 1) was taken as spinach sex chromosome. It had three alleles of sex-related 𝑋, 𝑋m and 𝑌. Many researchers have been trying to clone the sex-determining genes and investigated the molecular mechanism of spinach sex differentiation. However, there are no successful cloned reports about these genes. A new technology combining chromosome microdissection with hybridization-specific amplification (HSA) was adopted. The spinach Y chromosome degenerate oligonucleotide primed-PCR (DOP-PCR) products were hybridized with cDNA of the male spinach flowers in florescence. The female spinach genome was taken as blocker and cDNA library specifically expressed in Y chromosome was constructed. Moreover, expressed sequence tag (EST) sequences in cDNA library were cloned, sequenced and bioinformatics was analysed. There were 63 valid EST sequences obtained in this study. The fragment size was between 53 and 486 bp. BLASTn homologous alignment indicated that 12 EST sequences had homologous sequences of nucleic acids, the rest were new sequences. BLASTx homologous alignment indicated that 16 EST sequences had homologous protein-encoding nucleic acid sequence. The spinach Y chromosome-specific EST sequences laid the foundation for cloning the functional genes, specifically expressed in spinach Y chromosome. Meanwhile, the establishment of the technology system in the research provided a reference for rapid cloning of other biological sex chromosome-specific EST sequences.

    • Molecular characterization and expression pattern analysis of a novel stress-responsive gene ‘BeSNAC1’ in Bambusa emeiensis


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      NAC transcription factors (TFs) are master regulators of environmental stresses exerting a crucial role in plant growth and development. However, the studies on NAC TFs from Bambusa emeiensis are scarce. In this investigation, a novel gene from B. emeiensis encoding NAC protein was cloned and characterized. The gene was isolated based on the amino acid sequence data of stress-responsive SNAC1 of rice, named ‘BeSNAC1 (accession no. MG763922)’. The full-length sequence of 1681 bp was found to contain an open-reading frame of 912 bp that encode a protein of 303 amino-acid residues. The multiple protein sequence alignments unveiled that BeSNAC1 contains a typical NAC domain. Additionally, the phylogenetic analysis showed that the corresponding protein belonged to the SNAC group, as it cladded with SNAC1, HvSNAC1, TaNAC2, SbSNAC1 and ZmSNAC1 proteins. Transactivation and subcellular localization assay disclosed that BeSNAC1 is a transcriptional activator localized in the cell nucleus.Moreover, the time-dependent expression pattern of BeSNAC1 was profiled under abscisic acid (ABA), polyethylene glycol 6000 (PEG-6000), NaCl, H2O2 and Na2SO4 treatments via a quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. The results revealed that the expression of BeSNAC1 was significantly upregulated in all treatments, a significant difference was observed under H2O2, NaCland ABA (P 0.001) and PEG and Na2SO4 (P < 0.01) treatments, respectively. Conclusively, our findings provide evidence that ‘BeSNAC1’ is a nuclear protein that might act as part of the transcription regulation complex and is involved in the ABA signalling pathway and abiotic stress tolerance mechanisms in B. emeiensis.

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