• YONG ZHANG

      Articles written in Journal of Genetics

    • Microsatellite analysis of the genetic relationships between wild and cultivated giant grouper in the South China Sea

      QING WANG XIANG WANG ZHENZHEN XIE YIQ ILI LING XIAO CHENG PENG HAIFA ZHANG SHUISHENG LI YONG ZHANG HAORAN LIN

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      The giant grouper (Epinephelus lanceolatus) is a coral fish with high commercial value in Southeast Asia. In the present study, we isolated 11 microsatellite DNA markers, and analysed the genetic diversity and differentiation between cultured stocks and wild populations of the giant grouper originating from the South China Sea. A total of 390 alleles at 11 microsatellite loci were detected in 130 individuals from five different populations. The expected heterozygosity varied from 0.131 to 0.855 with a mean value of 0.623 and the observed heterozygosity varied from 0.145 to 0.869 with a mean value of 0.379. The allelic richness and heterozygosity studies revealed that the genetic diversity of the cultured population was significantly reduced when compared with that of the wild population. The Fis,pairwise Fst values, analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA), three- dimensional factorial correspondence analysis and structure analysis revealed significant population differentiation between the cultured stocks and the wild populations, among the three cultured populations and between the two wild populations. These differences may be caused by random genetic drift, the effects of artificial selection and founder effects. Our results will be useful in the management of cultured stocks and conservation of wild populations of the giant group

    • Novel TBX22 mutations in Chinese nonsyndromic cleft lip/palate families

      JIEWEN DAI CHEN XU GUOMIN WANG YUN LIANG TENG WAN YONG ZHANG XIAOFENG XU LEBIN YU ZONGGANG CHE QIQING HAN DANDAN WU YUSHENG YANG

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      TBX22 is a gene which contribute to cleft lip/palate, and many mutation sites of TBX22 have been reported. However, the exact role of TBX22 mutation in Chinese nonsyndromic cleft lip/palate (NSCL/P) family was not clearly explored. In this study, we tried to investigate the profiles and effects of TBX22 mutation in Chinese NSCL/P family. Members of two Chinese NSCL/P families and 200 normal controls were enrolled in this study. Further, DNA sequence and bioinformatic analysis for TBX22 were performed. The results showed that a novel and essential splicing site mutation, IVS6-1G>C, was detected in a family with cleftpalate. The bioinformatic analysis results showed that this mutation would lead to abnormal transcription or translation, followed by a loss of function of TBX22. In addition, a hemizygous missense mutation, c.874G>A (p.D292N), was first reported in another Chinese family, which may exhibit aggravated effects on the phenotypes of CL/P. Taking these findings together, this study provides a profile of TBX22 mutation in Chinese NSCL/P families, and further confirmed the important role of TBX22 in familial cases with X-linked cleft palate.

    • Shared mechanisms among neurodegenerative diseases: from genetic factors to gene networks

      DOUGLAS ARNESON YONG ZHANG XIA YANG MANIKANDAN NARAYANAN

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      Neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease,Parkinson’s disease, andamyotrophic lateral sclerosis are pressing health concerns in modern societies for which effective therapies are still lacking. Recent high-throughput genomic technologies have enabled genome-scale, multidimensional investigations to facilitate a better understanding of the underlying mechanisms and theidentification of novel targets. Here we review the molecular insights gained through such studies, and compare the similarities and differences between neurodegenerative diseases revealed by systems genomics and gene network modelling approaches. We focus specifically on the shared mechanisms at multiple molecular scales ranging from genetic factors to gene expression to network-level features of gene regulation, and whenever possible also point out mechanisms that distinguish one disease from another. Our reviewsets the stage for similar genomewide inspection in the future on shared/distinct features of neurodegenerative diseases at the levels of cellular, proteomic or epigenomic signatures, and how these features may interact to determine the progression and treatment response of different diseases afflicting the same individual.

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